Landrace Cannabis Seeds


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Looking to buy some landrace strains and seeds? Curious to know how do you get landrace strains? Read on for more info on landrace cannabis Deepak Chaudhary and the Indian Landrace Exchange connect indigenous farmers with modern growers in an equitable exchange. Cannabis landraces are the original strains from which everything else descended, like Acapulco Gold, Durban Poison and Hindu Kush

What are cannabis landrace strains?

Humans have grown, and used, cannabis for thousands of years. In that time, cannabis has provided millions of people with recreational comfort. In more recent years cannabis has found an incredibly important emerging role as a multi-purpose medicine. But what are people referring to when they ask what is a landrace strain? A landrace definition is a cannabis strain which simply hasn’t had the original genetics crossed with modern strains.

What is a landrace strain and what makes it unique?
How many landrace weed strains are there?
How do you know if a cannabis strain is a true landrace?
Best landrace cannabis seeds from Dutch Passion

What is a landrace strain and what makes it unique?

Landrace cannabis strains and landrace seeds have held a special place in the cannabis seed collections of old school connoisseurs and breeders. Landrace strains are the original genetic foundations of modern cannabis hybrids. They have evolved naturally over thousands (possibly millions) of years. They slowly adapted perfectly to the local environment, or terroir. This often shaped the properties and features of the various phenotypes in the landrace strains. How many cannabis landrace strains are there? It’s impossible to say, the illegality of cannabis meant that no official historical botanical records exist.

Landrace sativa strains that evolved in warm, tropical jungle environments may show different properties to landrace indica strains which evolved to survive more hostile and barren mountainous habitats. Some of these genetic features are useful to modern cannabis breeders who may want to amplify certain properties in order to create a new modern hybrid.

Many original landraces strains may have a clue to their country of genetic origin in the strain name, such as Durban Poison (Durban, South Africa), Malawi Gold, Thai, Afghani Kush, Mazar etc.

How many landrace weed strains are there?

Where is landrace cannabis from? All modern cannabis strains evolved from the many hundreds of original landrace strains. In recent decades, cannabis breeders have bred extensively with original landrace strains in order to improve or amplify their best features.

This has resulted in most landrace strains being somewhat changed from their original pure genetic state. This will sound disappointing to the old school purists. But the breeding work was done for good reasons. Without it, many landrace strains would simply be rejected by modern growers for e.g. being low yielding or with low THC levels. Most of todays cannabis growers don’t mind the fact that landrace sativa seeds were crossed to create some modern sativa crosses with shorter bloom times than e.g. the original landrace Thai sativa.

Where to find landrace strains in the wild? Cannabis still grows in the wild in many tropical climates and mountainous areas. These are probably the best places to find landrace weed and landrace seeds.
If harvest yields/consistency of original landrace strains are improved and THC levels increased, the average indoor grower might consider that to be solid breeding progress. But original cannabis seed companies like Dutch Passion still retain collections of pure unadulterated landrace seeds for future generations.

Many cannabis lovers are torn between the romantic ideal of retaining all landrace strains in their original pure genetic form and the modern desire to maximise yields, taste & potency whilst minimising bloom times. Some growers assume that landrace strains are fundamentally superior to modern strains, yet it should be said that many landrace strains simply lack the cannabinoid content and other features (heavy yields, fast bloom times) that many modern growers consider mandatory.

Landrace cannabis seeds have a fond place in the heart of many cannabis growers. But it’s also fair to say that many of todays cannabis growers perhaps prefer the properties and features of modern cannabis seeds, which may contain landrace genetics. But the best contemporary cannabis seeds also tend to have many of the features demanded by modern growers such as fast bloom times, heavy harvests, high THC levels etc.

Landrace sativa strains:

Landrace sativa strains often originated in Asia and North Africa. The enjoyable effects meant that they were helped on their way around the world by humans and got an early introduction to the west. Once they reached the Americas, landrace sativa seeds thrived in warmer southern states. They grew taller, with greater internodal distances and stretch compared to other types of cannabis. These landrace sativa strains simply didn’t do as well at more northern latitudes until they were hybridised with other genetics. Some of the original landrace sativa seeds included the following:

  • Durban Poison from Africa (Malawi & Kilimanjaro landrace strains are other examples)
  • Acapulco Gold from Mexico
  • Lambs Bread from Jamaica
  • Panama Red, Punto Rojo (a.k.a. Tierra Adentro) & Colombian Gold from South America
  • Thai & Chocolate Thai strains from Asia

Landrace indica strains:

Landrace indica strains are thought to have evolved in the tough, rugged mountain ranges of Afghanistan, India, Nepal and Pakistan. Having to cope with a cooler and less forgiving climate, landrace indica strains tend to be shorter, more compact and resinous than landrace sativa strains. Due to climatic pressures and short summers they tend to bloom faster than landrace sativa strains too. Afghan landrace flowering time can be as little as 7-8 weeks in photoperiod feminised seeds.

Landrace indica genetics saw increasing popularity as hippy travellers began visiting these regions in the 1960’s, returning home with landrace indica seeds. Conflict in the 1970’s saw many international military personnel also return landrace indica seeds to the west. Some original landrace indica strains include the following:

  • Afghani (Pure Afghan genetics coming from various mountainous areas in Afghanistan)
  • Mazar
  • Hindu Kush
  • Lashkar Gah
  • Tashkurgan
  • Sheberghan

Landrace ruderalis strains:

Ruderalis cannabis was largely forgotten until autoflowering cannabis seeds became so popular. Ruderalis often stays very short, reaching just 0.5m – 1m tall. Ruderalis is often found in places with harsh climates and short growing seasons such as Siberia and Northern Europe. THC levels are very low in landrace ruderalis strains, but that hasn’t stopped genetic specialists using ruderalis for breeding experiments with hemp and cannabis.

The onset of ruderalis bloom is determined by age rather than light conditions and it is this which differentiates ruderalis strains from all others. This ‘automatic blooming’ trait is necessary since the days can have 20 hours of daylight (or more) at extreme latitudes. Automatic flowering genetics have been taken from landrace ruderalis strains and used in modern autoflower seeds.

Autoflowering cannabis seeds are now a firm part of cannabis culture. Many people grow their own marijuana using autoflower seeds. Autoflower seeds have developed a reputation for being the easiest, simplest and fastest way to grow top quality cannabis with ruderalis genetics. Some examples of popular THC rich autoflower strains are:

    . Great for indoor or outdoor growers, with genetics from the Mazar-i-Sharif region . Original Blueberry genetics, THC rich, often ready 8-9 weeks after seed germination. One of the top 5 fastest cannabis seeds to grow. , with THC levels over 25% is this the world’s strongest autoflower? . She may take a little longer from seed to harvest, but this may well be the worlds best yielding autoflower seed. . Since her launch, Think Different has had more repeat buyers than almost any other Dutch Passion strain. Superb combination of potency and yield.

How do you know if a cannabis strain is a true landrace?

True landrace strains remain relatively rare. That’s not because seed companies enjoy deliberately mixing landrace genetics with modern genetics. It’s because cannabis growers tend to be quite picky about the cannabis seeds which they grow. Most weed growers only buy a few cannabis seeds each year for a couple of grows.

The discerning cannabis seed buyer usually has quite specific requirements for their autoflower seeds or feminised seeds. Often they want a specific type of genetic background with demanding performance features. That could be, for example, a fast auto harvest with high THC levels. You could try to source some landrace ruderalis seeds which would provide you a rapid crop. But if you want high THC levels as well you would need to buy some modern autoflower seeds. Landrace ruderalis seeds simply wouldn’t provide the potency. That principle runs through many of the landrace seed options. They may offer some of the features wanted by the grower, but not necessarily all of them.

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That’s why so few true landrace genetics are on offer, most people are not that interested in growing them. Landrace genetics remain important among cannabis breeders looking to create a new strain. But unfortunately landrace genetics tend to be of less useful practical value to the modern home grower. That said, there are plenty of landrace genetics in the breeding collections of the older seed companies where the original genetics remain of great interest.

If you want to buy some landrace seeds how do you know if a strain is landrace? Can you trust the claimed landrace strains list from a breeder? As with most cannabis seeds on sale today, the buyer simply has to trust the vendor claims. It helps if you choose a cannabis seed company with a reputation you can trust and a successful track record established over many decades. Choose your cannabis seeds carefully and enjoy growing your next crop!

Best landrace cannabis seeds from Dutch Passion

Dutch Passion were formally established in 1987, but they were informally gathering cannabis seeds and genetics from around the world since the 1970’s. This has allowed the Dutch Passion breeders an unsurpassed gene bank with some of the best landrace strains including African landrace strains which supplied the genetics for Durban Poison and Power Plant. The best of the landrace marijuana genetics are safely preserved in Dutch Passion’s deep freeze where they are occasionally revived and used in modern breeding projects.

Genetics from the best of the landrace weed strains have been used extensively when breeding modern strains. Girl Scout Cookies, for example, uses Durban Poison genetics. The following Dutch Passion strains are all largely based on landrace genetics with only a modest amount of modern tweaking.

Mazar, Indica dominant Afghani Strain with very high THC levels

What is the most consistent landrace strain? Many would say that accolade should go to Mazar. This is an indica dominant Afghani with a famously powerful vape/smoke and penetrating pungent hash aromas. Mazar genetics were sourced from the Mazar-i-Sharif region. This landrace strain is known for being tough, hardy and easy to grow in just about all grow conditions. To improve yields, some Skunk genetics were introduced, though this doesn’t detract at all from the superb taste, aroma and long lasting high.

Mazar feminised seeds take around 8 weeks in bloom. They are also available in regular cannabis seeds and are proud members of the Dutch Passion very high THC seed collection. This means that you can expect THC levels up to 20%, possibly a touch higher in optimised conditions. Mazar seeds are part of the Afghani Kush seed collection.

Fans of autoflower seeds should check out Auto Mazar. Auto Mazar grows well under 20 hours of indoor light, taking around 11 weeks to grow from seed to harvest. Auto Mazar is also particularly recommended for outdoor growers. She takes around 100 days to grow from seed to harvest outdoors, her landrace Mazar genetics ensure she is tough enough to deliver harvests even in poor outdoor conditions.

Mazar grow review
Auto Mazar grow review by The King

Durban Poison, stress-busting South African sativa

Durban Poison is a stunningly powerful South African sativa. This well known Dutch Passion strain is famous for it’s ultra relaxing anti-anxiety high. Stress and tension simply melt away after a few vapes of this THC rich, resin-drenched beauty.

Originally a landrace strain which evolved in South Africa, Durban Poison seeds were taken to Europe in the 1980’s by Dutch Passion to select some parents which would provide offspring suitable for outdoor European cultivation. During this outdoor selection process a small amount of unknown indica genes were introduced to Durban Poison. The indica genetics didn’t substantially change the results from Durban Poison. The soaring sativa high is special enough to create a generation of repeat growers, some of whom will grow nothing else.

With unusual aniseed, cloves, lemon and liquorice aromas together with heavy yields, Durban Poison is equally at home indoors or outdoors. Outdoors, she can grow at Dutch (or Southern UK) latitudes. Durban Poison is ready to harvest after around 8-9 weeks of 12/12 indoor bloom. THC levels are high thanks to the incredible resin production and the seeds are part of the Dutch Outdoor collection.

Durban Poison outdoor grow review

Power Plant, African sativa genetics with stunning yields and ease of growth

Anyone looking for an easy to grow sativa with generous yields and a deliciously enjoyable high should take a close look at Power Plant. This unusual African sativa bends a few rules when it comes to delivering heavy harvests of THC rich buds. The plants are ready to harvest much quicker than most sativas. In good conditions, Power Plant is ready to harvest after around 8 weeks of bloom. Yields are very generous too. THC levels are high, Power Plant seeds are part of the Dutch Passion Classics collection.

Power Plant isn’t as stretchy as some other pure sativas (like Desfrán for example) and can produce medium height plants with notably chunky blooms. It’s a variety that you can grow well in a SOG (Sea Of Green) system with little (or no) vegetative growth.

Power Plant grown in a SOG grow with LED grow lights

Power Plant is a forgiving strain to grow with a wide grow latitude. No matter how you grow her, Power Plant has earned a reputation for delivering heavy, powerful harvests with remarkable ease. It’s one of those robust strains that can be recommended to novice growers as well as expert growers. If you want connoisseur quality sativa buds then Power Plant seeds should be high on your shopping list.

Power Plant grown in soil/coco fibre mix with an HPS grow light

If you prefer the convenience of growing cannabis with autoflower seeds, then Auto Power Plant comes with our highest recommendations.

Grow landrace cannabis strains with ‘fair trade’ seeds from the source

With so much attention paid to America’s push toward legalization, it’s easy to lose sight of the fact that cannabis cultivation—and cannabis culture—date back thousands of years.

Throughout India and Southeast Asia, indigenous farmers continue to grow cannabis and make hashish using methods passed down for untold generations. Despite a boom in demand and a global push to end prohibition, these traditional cannabis production communities continue to struggle economically, as changes in climate and encroaching tourism and development threaten their existence.

And now they find their unique landrace cannabis genetics under threat. Many of these storied lineages date back farther than the oldest wine grape varietals. These landrace cannabis strains may also hold the genetic building blocks for breeding the next generation of game-changing hybrid strains.

Ancient Himalayan strains, grown at the source

This cannabis landrace strain is grown by indigenous farmers in Himalayan valley villages within the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve. The region was designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988. (Photo courtesy of Indian Landrace Exchange)

Find, support, and defend landrace strains

Attempts to locate, preserve, and proliferate these strains date back decades. But most such efforts have been led by geographic and cultural outsiders, often driven more by profits than preservation.

Over the past five years a grassroots, locally-led, globally crowdsourced effort has emerged to help defend and support these local cannabis-growing communities. The Indian Landrace Exchange describes itself as a “collective of Indigenous frontline farmers, seed collectors, and preservationists” with the goal of supporting these communities economically while helping spread and preserve their landrace strains.

Grown locally, harvested by hand

Landrace seeds are harvested by hand in the local villages where the plants grow. (Photo courtesy Indian Landrace Exchange)

Indian Landrace Exchange steps in

To learn more, Leafly spoke with Deepak Chaudhary (@irrazinig), the cannabis landrace conservationist who helped found the Indian Landrace Exchange and continues to coordinate the group’s efforts.

Leafly: When did you first become interested in cannabis?

Deepak Chaudhary: When I first started consuming cannabis, I was smoking hashish that was not always good. So I had fun, but it didn’t entice me to really dig deeper into this plant. It wasn’t until I entered college that I had a little more exposure because I met people from different regions with different cultures and experiences.

I started smoking with people from Himachal Pradesh, which is a Highland region. And I was like, “Okay, I want to go wherever this resin [hashish] comes from.” That was the inspiration that eventually led to the Indian Landrace Exchange.

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Genetics and flower unique to the region

This is an example of the incredibly colorful strains offered by the Indian Landrace Exchange. (Photo and text via

Leafly: Where did you go first?

Chaudhary: In 2016, I went to Malana, which is the Mecca of cannabis in India. It’s almost like a religious pilgrimage. There, for the first time, I saw indigenous people using very traditional techniques to maintain their crops and domesticate them. From planting to harvesting to making concentrates and getting them to customers, the whole process was just so raw.

As I learned more about these communities, I began to think we should be documenting and preserving this way of life because these remote regions are changing rapidly. Every year you see more tourism, more houses, more shops, and less cannabis.

“When I visited the village, the plants were fully flowered. The smell was thick in the air everywhere.”

Deepak Chaudhary, Indian Landrace Exchange founder

The first time I visited, it was October. The plants were fully flowered. When I reached the village, the smell was thick in the air everywhere. There was no escape from it, and that’s so beautiful. It’s something that leaves a very deep imprint on you. At harvest time, you also see a lot of people sitting on their porches rubbing down the plants to make hashish, which is basically the crudest form of extraction. But while hand rubbing may sound very simple, there are actually a lot of details. There’s a real art to it.

Technically in India cannabis is not permitted, but in Malana there’s not much law imposed. The nearest police station is 12 miles away, and to drive that road takes three hours. Those police are also from the same area, so basically they understand that these people are not committing any violent crime or anything like that. They’re farmers who just happen to have a different choice of crop and are mostly left alone. So the environment of the village is super peaceful.

Being there made me want to visit all of these kinds of places, meet the people, try to understand their culture, and then educate others about it. That includes the challenges they face, and how the landrace varieties of cannabis they grow are endangered.

I went next to Kashmir, and eventually to Southeast Asia and Pakistan. Now we have a network of friends and communities of farmers in all of these places. That’s how the Indian Landrace Exchange developed in an organic way into a grassroots effort of close to a hundred people that has taken on a life of its own.

How sticky is that ancient local bud?

Members of the Indian Landrace Exchange show off their “hash hands,” with the sticky resin from handling landrace strain cannabis plants in the field. (Photo courtesy of Indian Landrace Exchange)

Leafly: What does the Indian Landrace Exchange do to help these farmers?

Chaudhary: We became a bridge between the indigenous world and the world of legal cannabis.

For people in this newly legal industry, there’s a whole galaxy of possibilities in terms of finances. But that’s not true for people in traditional cannabis habitats—even though they’re doing most of the work.

When these indigenous farmers want to sell their resin, they can’t go make deals on their own. They have to relinquish it all to organized, underground groups that control the distribution to major markets, where they can get a good price for it. Some part of that wholesale price flows back to the growers, but not enough.

No matter what indigenous community you visit, they’re all struggling—despite how much they’re growing. But if we can help preserve their landrace genetics, while also helping them sell seeds to people all over the world, that changes the dynamic.

Tall, stalky cannabis in Kashmir

Cannabis growing beside the Jhelum River in Kashmir, the disputed territory between India and Pakistan. (Photo courtesy of Indian Landrace Exchange)

Leafly: And these seeds are the “landraces,” right? What does that term mean when it comes to cannabis?

Chaudhary: A cannabis varietal which has adapted to one specific locale over time could be classified as a landrace cannabis variety, although there are many different ways to further sub-categorize it depending on how it has been developed. By mapping the genome of plants grown in indigenous communities, we have been able to prove these are unique native varietals dating back thousands of years.

“Our first priority is preservation. Then we make sure a fair share of the revenue generated by selling these seeds goes to the farmers.”

Deepak Chaudhary, Indian Landrace Exchange

Our first priority has always been preservation. Then we make sure a fair share of the revenue generated by selling these seeds goes back to those farmers. Some people will go to these indigenous people and pay them $1,000 for a million seeds. That’s a lot of money in those communities—but they’re also doing the same colonialist thing that’s been happening forever.

What we do is create small collectives amongst the indigenous farmers. I tell them, “Every year we’ll come back and take some samples from each of your fields.” And then I show them all my costs and incomes and explain that their unique landrace genetics are even more valuable than the resin they produce.

That’s sometimes very hard for them to fathom, until I start paying them more money than they’ve been making off the resin. And what that does is not only help financially liberate people, it also assures them that—should anything happen to their crops—they must still save these seeds. Because as long as you have the seeds, you have everything.

Final product: Old-school hashish

Traditionally dry-sifted trichomes and baked hashish from South Kashmir. (Photo courtesy Indian Landrace Exchange)

Leafly: What’s a good example of how this changes the dynamic for farmers?

Chaudhary: In the town of Mastung, in Pakistan’s province of Balochistan, we worked with a grower who had a water crisis in a dry place where you have to dig a thousand feet down to reach ground water. That costs a lot of money. So we arranged a couple of seed sales—while preserving and documenting his genetics—and that earned him enough revenue to pay for digging a well. It’s not something that’s going to transform someone’s entire life, but it’s significant. We try to do things like that wherever we go.

Packaged cannabis seeds like these can be found at local markets in remote regions of India and Pakistan. (Courtesy of Indian Landrace Exchange)

Leafly: How are seeds made available to growers in Europe and North America?

Chaudhary: All of the information we have about the genetics we collect and preserve is available free on our website. From there, I basically work with a few selected seed banks, which you can find on my Instagram page.

Whether you’re an American grower or a European grower, my first suggestion would be to visit my Instagram feed and educate yourself about different genetics from different regions. We also document all of the tours we take so you can match each of these landraces to the community where it grows. It’s important to find one that will grow well in the climate where you live, so we make that information available as well.

Best landrace cannabis seeds for 2022

Without landraces, we wouldn’t have weed. That may sound overdramatic, but it’s true!

Cannabis landraces are the original strains from which everything else descended. Since landrace strains have a long history, they offer one-of-a-kind cultivation and smoking experiences. Indeed, for many cannabis fans, growing landrace seeds at home is a profound and memorable event.

However, you need to know how landraces differ from hybrids before planting your first batch of seeds.

What are landrace strains?

Landrace strains can be considered “wild weed,” since they grew with minimal human intervention. The general idea is that these strains have adapted to the unique environment where they are found growing in the wild. In reality, there have been a few helping hands along the way, but landraces seeds are closer to “weed’s roots” than current hybrids. 1 2

Also, unlike the cannabis hybrids of today, landrace strains are usually considered either a pure indica or sativa. If the landrace evolved in hot and humid climates like Southeast Asia, they should be 100% sativas. By contrast, strains that grew in the mountains of Iran, Pakistan, or Afghanistan will be full indicas. Since landrace strains are named after their region of origin, it makes it a bit easier to predict their general effects and growing patterns. 3

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Top landrace seeds every cultivator should know

Durban Poison

  • Seed type: feminized
  • Plant height: 7 – 10 feet
  • Time to flowering: 8 – 10 weeks

Hindu Kush

  • Seed type: feminized
  • Plant height: 4 – 5 feet
  • Time to flowering: 7 – 8 weeks
  • Seed type: feminized
  • Plant height: 7 – 9 feet
  • Time to flowering: 10 – 11 weeks

Acapulco Gold

  • Seed type: feminized
  • Plant height: 4 – 6 feet
  • Time to flowering: 10 – 11 weeks


  • Seed type: feminized
  • Plant height: 2 – 4 feet
  • Time to flowering: 7 – 8 weeks

Here’s a closer look at the best landrace seeds you can buy:

Durban Poison

  • Autoflower: no
  • Seed type: feminized
  • THC: 17.8%
  • CBD: 0.9%
  • Plant height: 7 – 10 feet
  • Time to flowering: 8 – 10 weeks
  • Terpene profile: myrcene, terpinolene, and limonene

Durban Poison may not be the “purest” landrace strain, but it’s unquestionably the most famous cannabis strain from Africa. For those who aren’t up on their geography, the first part of this strain’s name refers to a populous South African coastal city.

As the story goes, American cannabis enthusiast Ed Rosenthal preserved and refined rare African landraces that eventually became the licorice-scented Durban Poison. Since it came out in the 1970s, Durban Poison routinely ranks as one of the most significant sativa strains.

Indeed, since Durban Poison evolved in sunny regions, you should expect a no-holds-barred head-rush high. Also, home-growers should remember this earthy strain could soar well over seven feet. Be sure you have the proper training techniques in place to manage Durban Poison’s size.

Hindu Kush

  • Autoflower: no
  • Seed type: feminized
  • THC: 17.1%
  • CBD: 0.5%
  • Plant height: 4 – 5 feet
  • Time to flowering: 7 – 8 weeks Terpene profile: myrcene, beta-caryophyllene, and humulene

Hindu Kush is Mother Nature’s “OG Kush.” This spicy indica developed over centuries in its namesake mountain range. Since this strain didn’t have as much access to heat or humidity, it tends to have a quick flowering schedule and a short structure.

The flavors and effects of Hindu Kush are, well, classic Kush! Users frequently report aromas such as earth, hash, and spice as they first experience this long-hailed landrace. Since Hindu Kush is a 100% indica, you could also expect deeply relaxing effects.

  • Autoflower: no
  • Seed type: feminized
  • THC: 20%
  • CBD: ≤ 1%
  • Plant height: 7 – 9 feet
  • Time to flowering: 10 – 11 weeks
  • Terpene Profile: limonene, alpha-pinene, and beta-caryophyllene

The Thai landrace is as exhilarating as a trip to brightly-lit Bangkok. Although this strain has been around since the days of Siam, it has all of the lemony, diesel aromatics you’d associate with modern Thai traffic. Also, since this strain is a full-bred sativa, it gives off tremendously stimulating effects that are perfect for early in the day.

Like other sativa landraces, Thai takes a long time to grow, and it often reaches heights of over seven feet. Cultivators need to recreate Thailand’s tropical temps and practice training techniques like LST to manage this temperamental strain.

Any fans of Haze hybrids could experience the origin of this weed family with Thai seeds.

Acapulco Gold

  • Autoflower: no
  • Seed type: feminized
  • THC: 13.7%
  • CBD: 0.1%
  • Plant height: 4 – 6 feet
  • Time to flowering: 10 – 11 weeks
  • Terpene profile: limonene, pinene, humulene, myrcene

For many cannabis fans, Acapulco Gold is considered an expensive delicacy that people should enjoy over a long session.

Nobody’s sure how this Mexican landrace developed, but it gained a ton of attention in Western nations during the 1960s. Even today, Acapulco Gold flowers are highly sought after for their unique amber hue, sativa effects, and rich caramel aromatics.

Since Acapulco Gold is such an exclusive landrace, there isn’t much info on best-growing practices. However, cultivators with a pack of Acapulco Gold seeds should treat it as a standard indica landrace.


  • Autoflower: no
  • Seed type: feminized
  • THC: 17%
  • CBD: 1%
  • Plant height: 2 – 4 feet
  • Time to flowering: 7 – 8 weeks Terpene profile: myrcene, alpha-pinene, and beta-caryophyllene

Along with Hindu Kush, Afghani is one of the most revered indica landrace strains. Unsurprisingly, this earthy cultivar hails from the mountain ranges of Afghanistan. Tokers who want a hash-like after-dinner smoke won’t complain about Afghani nugs.

Anyone familiar with growing and smoking Kush strains will quickly adjust to Afghani seeds. Due to its indica genetics, Afghani rarely grows above four feet and only takes about eight weeks to reach full flowering. Users often report strong sedative effects and a spicy, earthy flavor while smoking well-cured Afghani nugs.

While Afghani’s THC percentage isn’t as high as later Kush hybrids, it can still deliver a satisfying & soothing smoke.

What are the most potent landrace strains?

By now, you’ve probably heard a few tokers claim that today’s weed isn’t as tame as back in the 1960s. The primary reason for this has to do with advancements in breeding and cultivation techniques.

While feminized landraces have respectable levels of THC, they’re nowhere near as potent as cannabis hybrids being grown today. Indeed, 20th-century cultivators tinkered with landrace genetics primarily to extract more THC and create a plant more conducive to growing and selling on the illicit market. 4

For this reason, you’ll find most pure landraces have average THC at or below the teens while many hybrids have above 20% THC. Since landrace strains weren’t bred in controlled settings, they may not have the traits you’re used to in iconic hybrids. 5

Still, that doesn’t mean a few landrace strains can’t hit users hard. For those interested in the hardest-hitting effects, it’s best to look into full-bred sativa landraces such as:

Alternatively, you could go for an indica landrace strain, such as:

Are autoflowering strains landraces?

For most of weed’s history, most cultivators only concerned themselves with traditional photoperiod sesitivelandraces. However, another landrace variety has gained mainstream attention in recent months. We’re talking about the Cannabis ruderalis family.

You may be unfamiliar with the term “ruderalis,” but you’ve probably seen a few “autoflowering” strains pop up in seed shops. The reason these seeds mature without a change in light schedule has to do with their ruderalis genetics and the environment this cannabis plant grew accustomed to.

Cannabis ruderalis landraces developed in less-hospitable climates like Northern China, Mongolia, or Siberia. Due to the intense cold and erratic light patterns, these landraces evolved to grow and flower faster (in about eight weeks). And unlike the typical photoperiod sensitive cannabis plants, ruderalis does not depend as heavily on the sun to trigger normal flower maturation.

Nobody grows pure ruderalis strains because they produce very few cannabinoids and terpenes. Instead, breeders cross ruderalis genetics with their favorites indicas, sativas, or hybrids. The result of this mix is a faster-flowering (but less intense) auto strain.

Why grow landrace seeds?

Many cannabis fans love romanticizing landrace strains, but the truth is these strains often aren’t the most practical. Since true landraces grew with minimal human intervention and are adapted to a specific climate, they tend to be more demanding than hybrid strains. Also, there’s a chance that landrace seeds will produce less potent weed or smaller yields overall than hybrid rivals. 6

However, this doesn’t mean landraces don’t have a place in cannabis cultivation. These landrace strains are often more robust, pest resistant plants, having desirable characteristics like pest or mold resistance.

Indeed, many modern-day breeders still use landraces as a template for experimenting with new strain combinations and strengthening genetic lines. Also, many pot purists are passionate about preserving landrace genetics to ensure the future diversity of cannabis. 7

Anyone interested in growing cannabis landraces at home should start with indica strains like Hindu Kush or Afghani. Due to their history in more rugged terrain, these landraces are more forgiving in indoor set-ups. Plus, indica landraces take less time to flower and don’t grow as tall.

As you gain more experience with sativa hybrids, you could consider moving to 100% sativa landraces. Just keep in mind strains like Durban Poison and Thai grow incredibly tall, take longer to reach flowering.

Lastly, always double-check your landrace seeds are coming from a reputable cannabis vendor. To increase the odds you’re getting a 100% landrace genotype, you need to buy from a company with a “high” reputation.

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