How to properly plant weed seeds after germination?
In our previous blog “Germinating marijuana seeds” you could read how to germinate marijuana seeds. Germinating is the preparation process to successfully grow a cannabis plant.
As soon as the seed has a root you can plant the seed. Planting cannabis seeds is not difficult at all. Yet, it does require some basic knowledge and skills. This article will help you to plant your cannabis seeds so you start your grow in the best way possible.
Why germinate before planting?
Of course you can place a cannabis seed directly in the soil, but this has three disadvantages:
- The seed can become too moist, causing it to rot.
- The seed stays too dry so it can’t grow. And because the seed is under the ground you can’t control it.
- You can’t determine the direction of growth of the root. In short, our advice is to germinate before you start planting cannabis seeds.
When you should plant your cannabis seeds
When you have followed our advice your seeds have sprouted and you can start planting your seeds. Make sure the seeds have a root of at least 1.5 to a maximum of 2.5 centimeters. Are you planting the germinated cannabis seeds too early or too late? Then there is a chance that the plant dies at a young age. It is therefore important that you plant the germinated seeds as soon as the root is long enough.
Always plant indoors first
Good to know is that you first plant and your cannabis seeds indoors, even if you will eventually grow them indoors or outdoors. The reason to let young female plants grow indoors first is because they are fragile in the beginning. A gust of wind can blow the plant over or be damaged by animals. Indoors you have a safe environment where the young seedling can become strong enough before it is moved outside.
What do you need to plant germinated cannabis seeds?
Fortunately, you don’t need much to plant your germinated cannabis seeds. A lot of things are already standard available in your home and otherwise you can buy them at any garden center.
What you need:
- Lightproof pot or mug of 1 to 2 liters
- Potting soil (light mix for cuttings and seedlings)
- Pen or pencil
- Germinated cannabis seeds
- Plant sprayer
Are all items present? Then the real work starts: planting your cannabis seeds. Use the step-by-step plan below.
How to plant marijuana seeds in 4 simple steps?
In four simple steps you will learn how to successfully plant cannabis seeds. Whether you’re an advanced or beginner, want to grow indoor or outdoor seeds, the process is always the same. Follow the steps below carefully and you’ll grow your own beautiful cannabis plant.
- Fill the pot or cup with potting soil
- Make a dimple in the earth
- Place the weed seed in the dimple
- Cover the seed with a thin layer of earth
Step 1 – fill the pot or cup with potting soil
Fill the cup or pot up to 1 cm below the edge with potting soil (light mix for cuttings or seedlings). Do not add extra nutrients. Seedlings get more than enough nutrients from the soil. Too much nutrient can have a negative effect.
Step 2 – make a small dimple
To plant your cannabis seeds you make a dimple in the growing medium. You can easily do this by inserting your pen or pencil into the soil. The tiny hole should be about 2 to 2.5 cm deep. If you mark this on the side of your pencil, you can be sure that the depth is good.
Step 3 – place the cannabis seed in the dimple
Use your fingers or tweezers to place the weed seed in the hole. Do this carefully, because if you squeeze too hard you can damage the germinated seed. The root of the seed should point downwards (!).
Tip: did you use damp kitchen paper towels when germinating and is the root of the seed attached to it? Do not pull it loose, but first spray the seed again with water. You will see that the seed now easily lets go.
How should you plant the weed seed?
Make sure that when you plant your cannabis seed, the root disappears as deep as possible into the hole. The skin of the seed should be at least 0.5 cm below the surface.
Step 4 – cover the seed with a thin layer of soil
Did you put the seed in the tiny hole? Great! Cover the seed carefully with a thin layer of soil. Do not press the soil! A few millimeters of soil over the seed is more than enough to block the grow lights or sun. Spray the surface moist with the plant sprayer and place the cup or pot in the window sill or under light. After a few days the seeds will grow out the surface.
Your cannabis seeds have been planted! How to proceed?
You’re already on your way to grow your cannabis plant. But maybe you want to continue growing marijuana plants outdoors in the end.
As said before, you do the beginning of the growing process indoors and that takes about two weeks. After two weeks the plant is strong enough to repot to another place or larger pot to continue growing. How to do this, we tell you in the blogs:
Would you like to know how to properly plant weed seeds after germination? Read the information about this subject on Weedseedsexpress
How to germinate cannabis seeds
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- What is germination?
- Preparing to germinate cannabis seeds
- How to germinate cannabis seeds
- How do you germinate seeds indoors?
- Do you need to germinate seeds before planting?
So, you’ve decided to grow your own cannabis plants. You purchased a pack of seeds, assembled cultivation materials, cleared a space in your garden, and are ready to grow your first cannabis crop . With everything in hand, it’s time to begin the very first step of cannabis cultivation : germinating seeds.
What is germination?
Germination is the first stage of the cannabis growth cycle : the process that brings a cannabis seed out of its hibernation period and starts the cannabis growth process. After all, seeds in a bag don’t spontaneously start developing roots. Also known as “popping” seeds, seed germination begins when a seed receives environmental cues letting it know the setting is perfect to start growth.
Germination is the process that brings a cannabis seed out of its hibernation period and starts the cannabis growth process. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
When a seed enters an environment with enough moisture, it will increase in size and slowly break out of its shell. A seedling or germ forms from which roots will emerge, helping the baby plant absorb nutrients from the soil. Seeds naturally develop roots facing down and stems stretching upward, allowing the young cannabis plant to simultaneously feed off light and earth.
It’s essential to acquire high-quality cannabis seeds for germination, as these will go on to become high-quality cannabis plants. Seeds that are fresh-feeling or too green indicate that they haven’t reached full maturity, while pale-green, white, or very dark cannabis seeds may have trouble sprouting. However, it’s tricky to know the outcome of a popped seed, so trying may be worthwhile. If you’re not ready to pop your seeds yet, store them in a dark, cool place until it’s time for germination.
Preparing to germinate cannabis seeds
Germination itself is a crucial aspect of cannabis cultivation. The seed germination process is the foundation of every marijuana plant, and steps can be taken to boost successful popping. For example, some cultivators improve germination attempts by soaking seeds in 1% hydrogen peroxide or a compost tea for 12 hours beforehand to kill any dangerous pests.
The environment in which seeds germinate also plays a role in the outcome. While there are several different germination methods, each requires proper moisture, minimal handling, and warm springtime temperatures between 68-72 degrees Fahrenheit.
How to germinate cannabis seeds
The best germination method depends on the cultivator’s choice. Here are some of the most common ways to pop your cannabis seeds.
How to germinate seeds in soil
Soil is an easy, more natural method with which to germinate your cannabis seeds. The soil protects the fragile roots from any interference, and soil is, after all, where a cannabis plant would grow in the wild.
Soil is an easy, more natural method with which to germinate your cannabis seeds because the soil protects the fragile roots from any interference. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
First, make sure you use the correct type of soil, either gently fertilized potting soil or a seed starter with a pH level of approximately six (6). The soil contains the right acidity and enough nutrients to strengthen your young cannabis plants for the first two weeks. Be careful not to add more nutrients, or you risk overfeeding and killing your seeds.
Place the soil in a small pot and use your finger or a pencil to push a small hole in the dirt, a bit more than half an inch deep. Insert the seed into the hole and bury it with soil. From this point on, don’t touch your seed. The young plant is fragile and knows how to position itself in the soil bed.
Gently water the soil with a spray bottle and situate your pots under a fluorescent lamp. Keep seeds away from the windowsill, as the temperature is too volatile for germination. In general, you’ll want to keep the temperature in the range of 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
Monitor your soil every day and keep it moist. Within four to seven days, you should see tiny stems sprouting from the soil.
When the seedling stems reach two to four inches in height, it’s time to transplant your cannabis into larger pots with more room for roots to spread down and out. After you’ve done this, you’ve successfully germinated your cannabis seeds into proper, young plants.
How to germinate seeds in water
You can also germinate your seeds by placing them in water. It’s slightly faster than the soil method, but you need to adjust your environmental factors accordingly. Remember, successfully germinating seeds requires a perfect balance of ideal growing conditions. When germinating in water, seeds need only 24-48 hours to pop their stems, though cultivators can keep them soaking for up to a week as needed. Water germination is faster because the seed gets all the moisture it needs immediately, and the shell softens and cracks more easily after soaking.
To employ water germination, fill a glass with tap water and let it sit until it reaches room temperature or around 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Add two to three plant seeds per cup and allow them to sit, watching for any changes. Change the water to fresh tap water every two days, making sure it stays at room temperature.
The seeds should start sprouting in about two days, though older seeds can take up to a week to sprout. You can remove them from the water and place them in the soil at any point once they’ve sprouted. Once the roots are about five millimeters long, they need to be planted.
The downside of water germination is that once they’ve popped, you’ll need to maneuver them into their growing medium manually. This is a delicate process, as germinating seeds are extra fragile, and any harm risks the development of your plants. Make sure to place the seed roots down in the soil when you transfer to a pot.
How to germinate seeds using paper towels
The paper towel method is also a common way cultivators pop their seeds. Some even use this method with cotton pads instead of paper towels, but the necessary steps are the same.
To germinate seeds this way, lay one paper towel on top of a countertop, place a few seeds, and cover them with a second paper towel.
Lay one paper towel on top of a countertop, place a few seeds, and cover them with a second paper towel. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Use a spray bottle to moisten the paper towels and then store the cushioned seeds between two plates, under a face-down bowl, or gently place them in a plastic bag. Maintain a temperature of about 72 degrees Fahrenheit, keeping the paper towel wrapped seeds in the dark and away from a windowsill. In two to five days, the seeds will pop inside the paper towel sandwich and emit tiny roots, ready to plant when they reach about five millimeters in length.
Use a spray bottle to moisten the paper towels and then store the cushioned seeds between two plates, under a face-down bowl, or gently place them in a plastic bag. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
The paper towel method also has its risk, as the fragile seedlings can be damaged during the potting process. The tiny roots can also get tangled in the paper towels, so make sure to move the seeds to potting soil before roots grow too long. Use your hands or tweezers to gently remove each seed from the paper towels and place them in a prepared growing medium.
How do you germinate seeds indoors?
Whether you’re planning an indoor cultivation or outdoor grow, it’s best to germinate your seeds indoors. It’s easier to maintain proper temperature, light exposure, and moisture inside, and you can protect your seeds from the elements. Indoor germination, whether using soil or paper towels, will ensure your cannabis seeds have the best chance for survival.
To germinate seeds indoors, use any of the methods described above. Within a few days, you’ll have popped seeds ready to transfer to a growing medium.
Do you need to germinate seeds before planting?
While many plants can be germinated in the ground, cannabis seeds are fragile enough that you should germinate them before planting.
Once your seeds have sprouted roots, they should be planted in soil, a soil-less medium, or in your hydroponic setup. Make sure not touch the root, caring for and navigating the seedling so that the roots face downward. Plant the seed about one inch deep in your growing medium, cover lightly, and allow for about a week for the seed to emerge from the soil. If the seed hasn’t poked through by day ten, it likely didn’t survive.
How to germinate cannabis seeds Copy article link to clipboard. Link copied to clipboard. Contents What is germination? Preparing to germinate cannabis seeds How to