Choosing between CBD oil and gummies? consider speed of effect. CBD oil works much quicker than CBD gummies which have longer-lasting effects A guide to the most common CBD products and how they affect the body. CBD, so many ways to consume it, with so many more health benefits. Discover the nuances of CBD. Understand CBD and the differences between two popular consumption methods, CBD edibles and CBD vapes.
CBD Gummies vs. CBD Oil: Which Is Better?
There are more versions of CBD edibles on the market now than ever before. You can find CBD gummies for anxiety, CBD oil, and even CBD topicals. These new products have been raising questions about CBD gummies vs CBD oil.
The biggest difference between CBD gummies and CBD oil is how these products are consumed. CBD gummies for sleep and other needs tend to take longer to kick in, but they are easier to dose. CBD oil is trickier to use, but can be used both topically and in higher doses.
There are a lot of questions around CBD gummies and CBD oil. Let’s get right to the heart of the issue.
What is CBD?
Before we can talk about using CBD oil vs CBD gummies for anxiety, we need to talk about what CBD is in the first place.
CBD, known as cannabidiol, was first discovered way back in 1940. This compound is one of the many compounds found in cannabis and hemp plants. CBD is non-intoxicating and can offer people relief for anxiety, pain, and sleeplessness.
CBD is extracted from cannabis and hemp plants. This extract is used in gummies, vaporizers, and countless other products. CBD extract is popular across the country and is only getting more popular.
Is CBD Legal?
CBD edibles got popular after the 2018 Farm Bill in the United States. This legislation fundamentally changed how the hemp and cannabis industries worked in the USA.
The 2018 Farm Bill legalized hemp products and hemp derivatives. This means that for the first time, manufacturers could extract compounds from hemp products and sell them commercially without risk of prosecution. One of the first products to hit the market with CBD which is now regulated and sold throughout the country.
CBD is legal in most jurisdictions in the United States. This can get a little tricky, because the wording in the 2018 Farm Bill isn’t exactly precise. The legality of CBD is largely going to depend on the state and city that you live in.
While the 2018 Farm Bill removed CBD from the list of controlled substances, FDA regulations are still unclear about CBD. This puts CBD in a general gray area.
The quick answer is yes, CBD is legal, but it might depend on your state and local legislation. CBD is common throughout the country and is, in practice, treated as being legal.
How Does CBD Work?
CBD has an interesting way of working in the body. Research into how CBD works is still ongoing, but we can make some concrete statements about the basics of how CBD has an effect on the mind as well as the body.
Our bodies have a system known as the endocannabinoid system. These are a set of receptors that naturally pick up on cannabinoid compounds. CBD is thought to interact with these receptors to have a positive effect on as well as a variety of other factors.
CBD is thought to be able to have a pain relieving, anti-inflammatory, and a mood enhancer. It is not psychoactive and cannot get you high, but it does have the ability to offer pain and anxiety relief and other medical benefits.
Different Types of CBD
There are three main types of CBD. There is pure CBD extract, known as CBD isolate, that is 100% CBD with no other compounds. Broad-spectrum CBD contains other cannabinoids and terpenes, but no THC. Full-spectrum CBD contains cannabinoids, terpenes, and up to the legal limit of 0.03% THC.
CBD extraction methods also matter. CBD is typically extracted using a solvent or using the CO2 method. While you can get high-quality CBD extracts using most methods, the CO2 method tends to yield the most pure CBD isolates.
If you’re looking to purchase CBD gummies, you want to make sure that you’re getting a high-quality product. Most brands of CBD gummies and CBD oil get their products independently tested to ensure the purity of the CBD isolate. These tests are also important for making sure that THC levels stay within the legal limits.
CBD Gummies vs CBD Oil
The difference between CBD gummies and CBD oil can get very subtle, but it’s important to know which product is the right one for you. We’re going to go over the biggest differences between these two ways of enjoying CBD.
One of them will likely be better for helping you with pain, sleeplessness, and other conditions with CBD.
These CBD edibles are, essentially, fruit flavored candies that also contain CBD. There are some unique advantages and disadvantages that come with using CBD gummies over CBD oil. It all comes down to the fact that CBD gummies are very easy to manage.
The biggest advantage of CBD gummies comes with the fact that you don’t have to worry about any particular dosing or sublingual absorption. Your CBD gummies will have an individual dose automatically inside each gummy and all you need to do is enjoy one like you would any other piece of candy.
This can be a great option for people who are new to CBD and want to take some of the pressure off when it comes to figuring out the right dose. Then again, this doesn’t make it harder to lower the dosage because cutting a CBD gummy and half doesn’t necessarily change the dose as reliably as you can with CBD oil.
CBD gummies are also very discreet. Many people who use CBD for health benefits and personal enjoyment still want to keep a level of discretion. CBD gummies look like any other fruit-flavored candy gummy.
This means that you can enjoy your CBD products with a level of privacy that’s hard to do with CBD oil. Putting a few drops of oil underneath your tongue is an odd behavior that might draw some attention. Enjoying a gummy candy is fairly common and will likely not draw any attention to your use of CBD products.
There are a few drawbacks to CBD companies that we should highlight. The biggest of these comes with the fact that CBD gummies are often much more expensive than CBD oil.
The cost of CBD gummies is usually a lot higher than CBD oil. The same equivalent mg of CBD isolate happens to cost more in gummy form than it does in oil. This is because of the extra labor that goes into transforming a CBD extract into a candy.
This means that you might wind up spending a lot more money to get the right dose of CBD infused gummies rather than oil. This might not be a big issue for people who are first starting out and use in smaller doses, if you’re using larger doses of CBD, oil might be the way to go.
We also need to consider that CBD gummies are essentially a type of candy. This might not fit with every diet as well as every health condition. These gummies tend to contain a lot of sugar as well as artificial colors and flavorings which can complicate the health benefits that CBD brings.
CBD oil has many advantages over other CBD products. CBD oil affects the body much quicker than CBD gummies. CBD oil can also be mixed with food products, used topically on the skin, and can even be made at home.
CBD oil affects the body much more quickly than CBD gummies. This is because CBD oil is typically absorbed sublingually. This is done by applying drops of CBD oil beneath the tongue and then holding that for 30 to 60 seconds.
This allows the CBD oil to pass directly into the bloodstream through the tissues at the bottom of the tongue. This is much faster than ingesting a CBD edible and waiting for it to digest.
One of the biggest advantages of CBD oil is that you’re also able to just ingest it if you’re looking for a slower release. You can mix a few drops of CBD oil in with a smoothie or something as simple as a glass of water to slow the release of this beneficial cannabinoid.
One thing to consider with CBD oil is that you need to be careful about which oil you pick as a carrier for the CBD. Some individuals can be allergic to particular types of oil and this means knowing the specific type of oil your brand of CBD uses as a career.
The Health Benefits of CBD
There are people who use CBD for a variety of health benefits. You can find CBD gummies for pain and CBD gummies for sleep in addition to other health benefits. CBD has become a popular option for taking the edge off of medical conditions, but does it work?
Before we take a look at the specific health benefits of CBD oil, we should look at the benefits of CBD overall from a scientific perspective. Research into the benefits of CBD is still ongoing, but there was promising research that suggests that CBD has a positive impact on pain relief, anxiety, and anti-inflammatory properties.
This means that there’s a growing basis of research that shows us how CBD can help relieve health problems. How CBD fits into treatment plans and how much CBD you need to treat a specific condition is still being researched, but plenty of people are finding relief using this cannabinoid.
One of the best-established features of CBD is its anti-inflammatory qualities. CBD has been shown to reduce inflammation in patients recovering from surgeries to other causes of inflammation. This means that CBD can become a viable option for people who are looking to lower their inflammation which can have a myriad of health benefits.
There’s also research that suggests that CBD can be used to help treat epilepsy. This is one of the more exploring areas and the research seems very promising.
One of the most highly advertised areas of CBD’s benefits is how it can help relieve anxiety. CBD interacts with the same neurological system that THC interacts with. This is one potential explanation for why CBD is so useful when it comes to relieving general anxiety.
CBD has also been used to help individuals manage withdrawal symptoms. There has been research that suggests that CBD can be used to help make withdrawal safer and more successful. CBD is non-habit forming and non-intoxicating which makes it an ideal treatment for individuals who are recovering from substance use disorder.
The last area of CBD benefits that we should touch on is the potential pain relief benefits. It’s well-documented that THC has a strong benefit as a pain relief treatment. CBD likely shares some of this benefit even though its impact might be less dramatic than THC has.
CBD gummies and CBD oil can offer you the same health benefits. At the end of the day, it’s still CBD that you’re getting into your system and it’s going to have the same health benefits whether you use CBD oil sublingually or you use CBD gummies orally.
CBD Gummies vs. CBD Oil: Which Is Better?
CBD edibles and CBD oil have different uses. They might both be CBD products, but they are going to have different ways they can be used. The biggest factors that determine which is better are how long it takes for the CBD effect to start, is it discrete, and how beginner-friendly it is.
CBD oil wins this first category hands down. CBD oil is able to be absorbed directly into the bloodstream which makes it affect the body much more quickly than CBD edibles. CBD edibles have to be digested which can take somewhere between 30 minutes to up to a few hours depending on a variety of factors.
On the other hand, CBD gummies are much more discrete. You could easily enjoy CBD gummies without having to worry about people asking questions or being suspicious about your activities. This has plenty of advantages for people who are looking to use CBD gummies to relieve anxiety or pain, but they don’t want people prying into their personal, medical business.
CBD gummies are also more beginner-friendly. They’re very easy to use and they’re also very easy to dose. While the doses might be smaller than some people need, they are a great first stop for people looking to see if CBD is right for them.
So, are CBD gummies better than CBD oil? It really all depends on your personal needs.
If you’re looking for something that’s fast-acting and allows you to have a higher CBD dose, CBD oil has the right pick for you. CBD oil is also going to be more affordable in the long run which is another thing to consider.
If you’re looking for something that’s beginner-friendly as well as discreet, CBD gummies are the way to go. These might be more expensive in the long run, but they are simpler to use for people who are new to CBD.
Wrapping Up CBD Oil VS CBD Gummies
At the end of the day, whether you pick CBD oil or CBD gummies is entirely up to you. CBD oil affects the body more quickly, but CBD gummies are easier to use and are more discreet. It can be harder to get accurate dosing with gummies, but they are a great choice for people who are new to CBD and looking to ease into the potential benefits of this cannabinoid.
Edibles vs. topicals vs. vaping vs. oils: CBD products, explained
A guide to the most common CBD products and how they affect the body.
Danielle Kosecki is an award-winning journalist who has covered health and fitness for 15 years. She’s written for Glamour, More, Prevention and Bicycling magazines, among others, and is the editor of The Bicycling Big Book of Training. A New York native, Danielle now lives in Oakland where she doesn’t miss winter at all.
You’re not imagining it — CBD is everywhere. After the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 legalized hemp-derived cannabidiol, products with it have flooded the market. Burgers , coffee, cartridges , pet shampoo — you name it and there’s probably a version that contains CBD.
This story discusses substances that are legal in some places but not in others and is for informational purposes only and not for the purpose of providing legal advice. You shouldn’t do things that are illegal — this story does not endorse or encourage illegal drug use.
The sheer variety of CBD products can be overwhelming — especially considering they all interact with and affect the body in different ways — but the abundance can also be a good thing.
“Medical cannabis users can kind of mix and match what they use in ways that can potentially be similar to the medication a physician would give them, says Kevin Boehnke, Ph.D., research investigator in the department of anesthesiology and the Chronic Pain and Fatigue Research Center at the University of Michigan. For example, when it comes to pain management — the top medical use for CBD — a fast-acting form of cannabis (like vaping) and a slower-acting form (like edibles) could potentially be used analogously to fast-acting and extended-release pain relievers.
Research into the potential health effects of CBD, as well as optimal doses for specific conditions, is still preliminary but there are a few things we know about the different delivery methods.
Edibles (including pills and capsules)
CBD is available in many edible forms, including beverages, chocolate and these gumdrop candies.
This class of CBD products includes anything ingestible — from drinks to candy to capsules.
Pros: With such a large variety of edible CBD products available, people may have an easier time finding something that fits their preferences. For example, food products, like chocolate, gummies and granola bars, may have an earthy flavor that some may find unappealing but pills and capsules tend to be tasteless.
Packaged edibles can also make it easier to take a specific dose (though checking a product’s certificate of analysis is the best way to confirm it contains the type and amount of ingredients listed on the package).
Cons: Absorption can be slow, erratic and variable, according to research. “If you eat an edible, it actually takes a while to hit the bloodstream because it has to be digested and metabolized by the liver,” says Boehnke. “So it takes a while to take effect but then that lasts a lot longer and tapers more slowly.”
And things like how much food someone has recently eaten can affect how much CBD is absorbed by the body, which is usually around 20%-30%. Peak bloodstream levels are usually achieved within one to two hours, though it can take up to six. That variability makes edibles the least predictable methods of using CBD.
Many brands offer vaporizers with CBD.
Similar to e-cigarettes , vaporizers heat up dry cannabis flower or CBD oils, creating an inhalable vapor.
Pros: Vaping is the fastest way to potentially feel results. Peak bloodstream levels occur around 10 minutes but most people can start feeling the effects within a few minutes of the first inhalation and the effects can stick around for three to five hours.
“When you vape or smoke, it quickly hits the bloodstream, so there is a quick effect onset that tapers off more quickly than edibles,” says Boehnke.
Cons: Like edibles, a variety of factors, such as how deeply someone inhales, how long they hold their breath, and how hot a vaporizer runs can affect CBD absorption, which can vary from 10%-60%. Dosing can also be difficult, although prefilled pens that meter out doses help to consistently zero in on the right amount.
Lastly, vape cartridges can contain propylene glycol , a liquid alcohol that’s also found in e-cigarettes and can break down into formaldehyde, a probable carcinogen, at high temperatures. There are “solvent-free” oils on the market that don’t use propylene glycol, and come with a certificate of analysis detailing what chemicals are present.
Oils and tinctures
The CBD in these products are usually extracted from hemp and then diluted with an oil, often sesame. The resulting oil or tincture is then typically placed under the tongue using a dropper or sprayed on the inside the cheek, where it’s absorbed directly into the bloodstream.
Pros: After vaping, oils and tinctures are the second-fastest way to feel the effects of CBD — usually within 30 minutes. Unless it’s added to food or immediately swallowed, in which case it will have to be processed by the liver first.
Cons: Depending on the product, dosing can be tricky. Labeled droppers can be a big help, as can shaking the bottle well before use because CBD can get stuck to the side of the container.
Marijuana bubble bath and body lotion is seen for sale at the Higher Path medical marijuana dispensary in California’s San Fernando Valley.
Robyn Beck / AFP/Getty Images
Topicals include lotions and balms that are rubbed directly onto the skin, as well as transdermal patches that stick to the skin and gradually release CBD into the bloodstream over a prolonged period of time.
Pros: Topicals can be as effective as oral delivery methods. Lotions work more locally, making them a great option for things like arthritis and menstrual cramps, whereas transdermal patches will have a more wide-reaching effect.
Cons: Topicals generally need to contain higher amounts of active ingredients, like CBD, to be effective, which can drive up the price. There’s also the risk of skin irritation. The time required to take effect can vary.
The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health provider regarding any questions you may have about a medical condition or health objectives.
Compare and Contrast: CBD Edibles vs. CBD Vapes
If you’re at all familiar with the holistic health scene, you may have encountered anecdotes or articles talking about CBD – whether discussing its association with cannabis, talking about new CBD oils and tinctures, capsules and vapes, or investigating the myriad of health benefits that it has. Perhaps a stray review or the word of a friend caught your eye, and you’re curious to know more, but confused at every turn by the sheer amount of information and different products on display. Worry not, because we’re here to help you get to grips with the nuances of CBD and two of the more popular methods of consuming it.
Getting to know cannabidiol
Cannabidiol, known more widely by its abbreviation of CBD, is a cannabinoid – a term used to describe natural compounds produced by plants of the genus Cannabis, such as hemp and marijuana. Where they are found, these plants have been the main component in many traditional remedies and recreational activities in cultures all across the world. However, only in more recent years has public opinion and research pivoted to give them a greater spotlight, as we uncover more about their potential health benefits.
Cannabis plants boast soothing effects on the mind and body and unique psychotropic qualities and have been cultivated and processed by people in the past to take advantage of these effects. Within the plants themselves, this array of effects can be credited to cannabinoids, of which there are around 113 identified compounds.
CBD stands out in the pack as one of the most prominent cannabinoids, behind only tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in research and fame. Up to 40% of cannabis plant extract on average consists of CBD. This humble compound is currently the subject of much buzz, mainly centred around its effects on mood and sleep, as well as its pain-relieving, inflammation-reducing, and neuroprotective properties.
Consumers take CBD for an array of health benefits and for aid in dealing with many ailments. Chief among the conditions that CBD can combat is anxiety, as well as other mood disorders, thanks to its ability to alter serotonin signals. Research has yet to determine if CBD could meaningfully combat depression or other psychiatric disorders, but its potential in balancing serotonin levels and ameliorating anxiety is nothing but promising.
Another common condition that CBD can treat well is chronic pain – it’s effective at relieving various types of pain, from neuropathic pain or fibromyalgia to simple muscle aches, and even musculoskeletal diseases. Its muscle relaxant properties have also given it attention as a therapeutic method for people with epilepsy and other conditions which can cause seizures. People with dermatological conditions such as acne or psoriasis are another large part of CBD’s user demographic, as its ability to alleviate pain and inflammation and aid in healing are a great boon to anyone with a chronic skin affliction.
Many cancer patients have also found CBD to be helpful as a pain and nausea reliever, especially for patients undergoing chemotherapy. Studies also indicate that CBD has potential as a more direct therapeutic method against cancers, with the ability to aid in killing malignant cancerous cells and aiding in tumour reduction, though more research is required before we can fully assess CBD’s capacity as an anti-cancer agent.
A central part of CBD’s attractiveness to the average consumer is its non-neurotropic nature. This means that, unlike its relatives, it doesn’t induce a “high” when ingested – what we call the altered state of euphoria and heightened sensory perceptions that are associated with ingesting products containing cannabis. It is psychoactive, so a given dose will affect the brain and mental faculties, but only mildly. In stark contrast to the more prominent cannabinoid THC, which is chiefly responsible for that characteristic intoxication and psychoactive effects in cannabis, CBD when isolated will only lift your mood – leaving a consumer’s mental state sober.
And as a cherry on top, it’s also thought to be non-addictive and isn’t associated with dependency, making it a great option for those who intend to use it for long-term, chronic conditions.
How does CBD work?
CBD affects the brain, body and biological systems through a number of different mechanisms. We still have yet to fully map out all the interactions that CBD has across the body, which serves to demonstrate the breadth of the complex relationship that CBD has with us and our incomplete understanding of how this cannabinoid relieves certain conditions.
What we do know is this: when it enters the body, CBD interacts with a wide range of different proteins, particularly in the central nervous system. Many of these interactions we know take place within the endocannabinoid system (ECS), a network of cannabinoid receptors, endocannabinoids and accompanying transport proteins and enzymes. This system is thought to regulate a wide range of physiological processes, from metabolism and digestion to immunity, sleep and mood, and more.
More specifically, these interactions revolve around the CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors. These receptors are found all over the body, but primarily in the brain and nervous system for the former, and on immune cells for the latter. CB1 is thought to influence memory, appetite, sleep, temperature and motor function; while CB2 helps to modulate inflammation and control our immune response to pathogens. Together, they’re particularly notable for being part of the major pathways by which we sense pain and harmful stimuli.
Cannabinoids and endocannabinoids function as messengers for these receptors and can amplify or suppress brain signals or trigger biological pathways to manipulate physiological processes. THC, which binds directly to these receptors, creates an intoxicating effect and what is termed as a “high”. In stark contrast, CBD has the inverse effect. CBD has a very low affinity for CB1 and CB2, and instead acts to modulate hepatic cytochrome p450 enzymes. This increases the availability of our natural pain mediators, such as serotonin and anandamide, or externally-supplied pain mediators like THC. This lack of affinity for CB1 receptors, in particular, is also why CBD does not have the same mind-altering effect as THC.
CBD is known to further interact with other receptor proteins outside of the ECS, such as activating serotonin receptor 5-HT1A and vanilloid receptor TRPV1. These biological pathways might be key to CBD’s anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties, though more research is still needed to fully uncover the intricacies of CBD’s effects on our systems.
What’s on the market
Before we dive into comparing our titular edibles and vapes, it’s good to look at the bigger picture and define the broad terminologies and tips so often thrown about by CBD manufacturers and enthusiasts.
Full-spectrum refers to products that contain a full range of cannabinoids and other cannabis plant compounds, including THC. These products are thought to be the most potent and effective because of what we call the “Entourage Effect” – the running theory that cannabinoids and other cannabis plant compounds like terpenes work with greater efficacy when used in combination with each other. However, the inclusion of low levels of THC does also mean that these products can induce mild intoxicating effects, so consumers might see some effects of this depending on their dosage.
Additionally, because of THC’s psychoactive properties, it’s a controlled substance in most countries and there are restrictions on the amount of THC a given product is legally supposed to contain. Before you purchase any CBD products, you should research legislation in your area regarding cannabis-derived substances and any regulations on THC content, and check THC content on what the items you intend to buy so you don’t break the law.
Broad-spectrum refers to products that contain a similarly full range, but with the exclusion of THC. A lack of THC means that these products generally comply with the law and can be bought legally at dispensaries, online retailers and other vendors, while still getting most of the benefit out of the Entourage Effect.
CBD isolate , as is self-evident in the name, refers to products which contain CBD as the main ingredient and no other cannabinoids. These products are ideal for those who simply want the benefits CBD has to offer, without any other distractions. On another note, because isolates don’t contain terpenes and cannabis plant compounds, they don’t carry that characteristic cannabis smell, which can be appealing for some who wish to discreetly take CBD.
As a note to newcomers to CBD: always consult with a doctor before using CBD products of any sort, particularly if you’re looking to use it to manage a serious health condition. Talk with your doctor about the correct dosage for you and monitor your own intake and health, as optimal CBD dosage a person needs will vary depending on the individual and can change over time. Also, take heed that CBD can interfere with other prescription medications or dietary supplements.
Sourcing your products from trustworthy, high-quality suppliers is also crucial, and you should always check that the product has received third-party lab testing. Products of brands without this label may not be legitimate, contain different concentrations of CBD and cannabinoids than listed, or mixed with substances that may cause adverse reactions.
Oral consumption: CBD Edibles
When one hears the word “edible”, they might associate it with cannabis food products, like the ever-popular brownies. But the label is much broader in scope than that first impression.
Edibles are a catch-all term for any cannabis and cannabinoid-containing products that are intended for use by eating them. This encompasses everything from straightforward foods and drinks that incorporate cannabinoids in their recipes, to non-prescription capsules, to more unconventional gummies and chocolate and other culinary innovations. These products are an attractive, easy, and relatively discreet way of taking cannabinoids, whether recreationally or for medical and health benefits.
Most edibles that you may encounter usually contain THC as a dominant ingredient, which confers the typical relaxing and euphoric effects that are typically associated with cannabis, among a wide range of other effects. CBD edibles, by contrast, refer to edibles that contain negligible amounts of THC and focus on CBD as the main component. As a fat-soluble compound, CBD can be easily added into recipes and used to whip up a variety of delicious treats. However, it’s also worth taking into account that its fat solubility makes it pretty unfriendly when added to drinks since it won’t dissolve.
With the ever-changing variety of products available for consumption, it comes as no surprise that the amount of CBD that these edibles actually contain can vary widely, whether full-spectrum or isolate. It’s generally advisable to start off with low-dose options and increase intake gradually according to needs and symptoms.
Inhalation: CBD Vapes
Breathing in plumes of cloud-like vapour, scenes of people vaping have become a normal part of the public consciousness after vapes burst onto the scene as a nouveau and hip alternative to smoking. Their rise in popularity and usage can be attributed in part to their sleek elegance and still-exciting novelty, but in larger part to their ease of use, functionality, discreet appearance, and more pleasant aroma as compared to cigarette smoke.
As cannabis is typically used by way of smoking, cannabis vaping thus comes as an easy next step for usage, and CBD vaping a logical innovation. The appeal of vaping CBD comes chiefly from potency, portability and speed, particularly when compared to other delivery methods.
E-cigarettes are constructed out of three key components – an atomizer, a power source (e.g. a battery), and a container for the e-liquid or vape liquid, usually in the form of a cartridge. For CBD vapes, these vape cartridges come pre-filled with a gram or half-gram of cannabis or cannabinoid oil.
This vape liquid is heated up by the atomizer into the characteristic vapour and inhaled by the user. For a cartridge to work properly and produce vapour, its contents need to possess an appropriate viscosity to vaporize. Depending on the main ingredient being used, manufacturers need to resort to various methods to produce oil for their cartridges.
CO2 oil is so named because of the method of manufacture – these products are made using carbon dioxide supercritical fluid extraction technology, which means they don’t require additives or other thinning or thickening agents to meet the necessary viscosity levels for vaping. This gives them compatibility with vape cartridges, and they can even retain small amounts of terpenes if the manufacturing process is done well, which act as natural thinning agents and add characteristic flavours.
CBD vape oil , also known as CBD vape distillate or CBD juice, is made from pure isolated CBD. This lends high potency and an excellent kick upon inhalation. It’s worth clarifying that despite the name, these products don’t actually contain oil, and are made for safe and proper vaping purposes. As vape oil can be produced from an array of different starting materials, they’re a popular choice with manufacturers, but require the addition of thinning agents or additional components in order to get the viscosity to the right level for vaping.
Additives are added to some cartridges as supplemental thinning agents, to tweak viscosity and oil consistency to the right level for vaporizer use. However, growing health concerns over the exact nature of these compounds have placed a lot of scrutiny on these additives, so more and more manufacturers are turning to other options.
Terpene infusions are a safer and increasingly popular alternative to chemical additives. Terpenes are naturally occurring cannabis plant compounds that act as thinning agents when included in vape cartridges, and also have the added benefit of providing enticing flavours and aromas. They’re also thought to be a part of the Entourage Effect, and their inclusion can potentially augment the efficacy of products which contain them.
Please note that generic CBD oil should not actually be vaped. Most commercially available CBD oils contain coconut or olive oil, which are lipids and should not be inhaled or smoked as they can potentially harm the consumer. CBD oil that is advertised for vaping specifically doesn’t contain these oils and is safe for inhalation, but you should always be mindful to check ingredients beforehand to ensure your own safety.
So to eat, or to vape?
CBD edibles and CBD vapes are fundamentally very different methods of consuming the same compound, so at the end of the day the choice comes down to individual preference. That doesn’t mean they aren’t comparable, though! Here we’ll illuminate the key differences to better give you an idea of which method is for you.
The time it takes to see effects differs significantly between these two methods. Edibles, by nature, have to be eaten, so effects only kick in after CBD has passed through the digestive system and been absorbed. Vapes, on the other hand, are much faster-acting, since the inhaled CBD can be absorbed through the lining of the lungs and thus enter the bloodstream in a much shorter timespan.
On the other hand, ingesting CBD provides much longer-lasting effects than vaping. CBD vapes are also consumed in much smaller, quicker-acting doses than most other methods – it enters quickly, but leaves the system quickly as well.
Dosage is also a large factor separating edibles and vapes in quality. Orally administered CBD has been proven in clinical studies to have efficacy at very high dosages; one study states dosages of 300 to 600 mg can be used to treat anxiety disorders, and another later study quotes a dosage of 300 mg to be effective in reducing anxiety with public speaking, but dosages of 100 mg as having no effect.
These doses are far out of the ballpark of most consumer products, which typically range from 5 mg to 25 mg for gummies and candies, and drinks or larger food products generally ranging anywhere between 50 mg to 120 mg of CBD content. This means a person may have to consume a significant number of edibles to see noticeable results beyond just the placebo effect, which, when considering the price ranges of most CBD edibles, is pretty prohibitive for the average consumer.
CBD vape oils often come in 30 ml bottles, at around 1 ml to 1.5 ml per serving. The concentrations of these oils can be anywhere in the 200 mg to 1500 mg range, so serving sizes will end up being around 6.6 mg to 50 mg. Though the dosage may seem roughly comparable, the actual efficacy is much higher when it comes to vapes, and one serving with the general recommendation of 10 mg is usually enough for effects to kick in.
This is all thanks to how CBD is processed and absorbed into the body in each method. Bioavailabilityis the proportion of a substance that is actually absorbed into the bloodstream when being consumed, and also differs between methods.
CBD edibles, unlike their THC counterparts, are notorious for their low bioavailability – no exact numbers have been agreed on by researchers, but studies point to an oral bioavailability of about 4 to 20% for CBD. This is in large part thanks to the “first-pass effect” of the liver, where the liver may break down certain compounds so much they don’t have a tangible effect on the body. In the case of CBD, it’s susceptible to the liver when it passes through digestion, which makes low doses particularly ineffective.
CBD vapes, on the other hand, offer a much higher bioavailability at around 34-46% , with rates of 56% being reported in some studies, making it one of the best ways to get the most CBD in your system among commercially available methods. This is thanks to the method of delivery – by inhaling CBD in vapour, it is efficiently absorbed via the lungs into the bloodstream, thus allowing it to spread throughout your system with every breath.
Combined with the speed and potency of vapes, a consumer can get an efficient, fast-acting and steady dose through a single session of vaping CBD as compared to taking CBD edibles. Vapes are thus especially appealing for people who don’t have more time to spare or who need their effects to kick in quickly.
Lastly, we would be remiss to not address the potential dangers that come with these products as well. While it’s generally pretty difficult to overdose on CBD, adverse effects are in rare cases known to happen with CBD use of any kind, such as fatigue, diarrhoea, weight and appetite changes. However, CBD vaping can also affect people in different ways, such as nausea, dizziness or chest pain, upon which a consumer should immediately stop using the product.
Getting the right product for you
After getting to know all the details and making your choice, the final step you have to take is figuring out where and who to acquire your product from.
At Amphora, we offer a curated range of CBD vape cartridges for those seeking the most effective and best quality CBD products. Everything we make is certified THC-free and tested and verified by a third-party laboratory to medical standard, ensuring you get the optimal experience out of your vape. With four unique blends designed to provide you with a holistic boost at any time of day, whether for energy or mood or a good sound rest, Amphora vapes can give you just what you need.
Written by | Infused Amphora Team
The Infused Amphora Team is dedicated to creating resources to educate and engage consumers on the growing evidence of CBD benefits and the extensive health and wellness properties of CBD Oil.
Contributor | Angus Taylor CEO
Infused Amphora “Learn” is intended for informational purposes only and is NOT a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.