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hemp seeds wlasciwosci

Hemp Hearts Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits

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Hemp hearts, annotated

Verywell / Alexandra Shytsman

Hemp hearts are the soft inner part of hemp seeds after the outer shell has been removed. The tiny cream and green-colored seeds are sometimes referred to as shelled or hulled hemp seeds.

Hemp hearts come from the from Cannabis sativa L. plant. But unlike some other species of the cannabis plant, hemp hearts have nonmedicinal levels (less than 0.3%) of the psychoactive compound THC.

The plant originates from Central Asia and the hemp fibers and seeds have been used and enjoyed by humans for thousands of years. Today, hemp hearts can be found worldwide. They’re loved for their versatility, nutty flavor, and nutritious benefits.

Hemp Heart Nutrition Facts

The following nutrition information is provided by the USDA for 3 tablespoons (30g) of hulled, hemp seed.  

  • Calories: 166
  • Fat: 14.6g
  • Sodium: 1.5mg
  • Carbohydrates: 2.6g
  • Fiber: 1.2g
  • Sugars: 0.5g
  • Protein: 9.5g


A single serving of hemp hearts is relatively high in calories but low in carbohydrates. A serving of hemp heart (3 tablespoons) has 166 calories but just 2.6 grams of carbohydrates. Nearly half of the carbs (about 1.2 grams) come from fiber. Only a half gram of carbs come from sugar and the rest comes from starch.  

Hemp hearts are a low glycemic food with the glycemic load of a single 3-tablespoon serving estimated to be 0.

Hemp hearts are filled with healthy fats. A serving of 3 tablespoons has almost 15 grams of fat, of which 1.4 grams are saturated, 1.6 grams are monounsaturated, and 11.4 grams are polyunsaturated (omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids). That’s more of the good fats than you’ll find in a similar serving of chia or flax seeds. Since hemp hearts are plant-based, they are also cholesterol-free.


These little seeds pack a huge plant-based protein punch. A serving of 3 tablespoons has nearly 10 grams of protein, about double what you’ll find in a similar serving of flax seeds or chia seeds (about 5 grams each).

Hemp seeds also contain all nine essential amino acids,   and they are well digested, especially for a plant-based protein.

In general, animal sources such as eggs, milk, and whey have a protein digestibility-corrected amino acid score (PDCAA) of 1.00, which means they’re well digested. Plant protein sources typically fall below this. Soy leads the plant category with a score close to 1.00, followed by beans, pulses, and legumes (score of 0.6 to 0.7), and grains and nuts (0.4 to 0.5). Hemp hearts have a PDCAA score of 0.63 to 0.66.  

Vitamins and Minerals

Not only are hemp hearts loaded with healthy fats and proteins, but they’re also packed with nutrients.

Hemp is an excellent source of magnesium, providing about 210mg or about 50% of your daily needs. A serving of seeds also has 13% of the daily iron requirements for adults (2.4mg). Hemp hearts are also a good source of zinc, providing about 3mg per serving or about 20% of your daily needs.  

Health Benefits

By including hemp seeds in your diet, you may take advantage of certain health benefits. Many research studies investigating hemp benefits have been performed on animals. More research in humans is needed.

Improved Heart Health

Like other seeds (and nuts), hemp seeds are heart-healthy. Studies have shown that they are high in both omega-3 fatty and omega-6 fatty acids.   A healthy omega-3 to omega-6 intake is crucial for the prevention or reduction of many diseases, including cardiovascular disease.

Authors of one research review concluded that there is enough evidence to support the hypothesis that hemp seeds have the potential to beneficially influence heart disease, but they added that more research is needed.  

Reduced Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

You’ll get a healthy dose of magnesium when consuming hemp seeds. Magnesium is needed by the body for maintaining healthy blood sugar levels. According to the National Institutes of Health, magnesium helps the body break down sugars and might help reduce the risk of insulin resistance—a condition that can lead to diabetes.  

Stronger Bones

Magnesium also helps your body to build stronger bones. The NIH reports that people with higher intakes of magnesium have a higher bone mineral density, which is important in reducing the risk of bone fractures and osteoporosis.   And studies have shown that a proper level of magnesium in the body is important for maintaining healthy bones.  

Constipation Relief

Hemp seeds may provide some relief to those with constipation due to the fiber they provide. Researchers have found that increasing your fiber intake helps to increase stool frequency in patients with constipation.  

Preliminary research has also found that hemp seeds may help with constipation. One animal study found that consuming hemp seed soft capsules helped relieve constipation compared to the control group.   However, more research needs to be conducted to understand the full benefit in humans.

Improved Cognitive Function

Another recent, preliminary animal study was conducted on the potential benefit hemp seeds might have on issues with memory and neuroinflammation. Researchers found that the hemp seed extract prevented the learning and spatial memory damage from inflammation and improved damage from the induced inflammation in the hippocampus.  

More studies need to be conducted to see if this benefit extends to humans.


Allergic reactions to Cannabis sativa have been reported, although many studies investigate the part of the plant used for marijuana use (not hemp seeds). There have been reports of sore throat, nasal congestion, rhinitis, pharyngitis, wheezing, and other problems including anaphylactic responses. There have also been reports of hemp workers involved in processing hemp fibers at a textile mill showing a significantly higher prevalence of chronic respiratory symptoms.  

Recent reports of allergy to hemp seed are lacking. But at least one older study was published indicating that the condition is possible.  

Adverse Effects

When consumed as a food, hemp seed is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by the FDA. Many people wonder if they will get high from consuming hemp seeds. But that is not likely to happen. While marijuana and hemp seeds are related (they come from the same cannabis plant family), they are very different.

Hemp seeds don’t naturally contain significant levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive component. In fact, food-grade strains of hemp must contain less than 0.3% THC by weight. But studies have noted that they may not be free of this compound entirely.

A study conducted in Canada found variations in THC levels in hemp seed products, with some evaluated brands containing higher amounts than the legal threshold. Researchers suggested that the higher levels may be due to contamination during processing.  

If you are taking certain medications, including estrogen, ACE inhibitors, or antihypertensive drugs, speak to your healthcare providers before consuming hemp seeds.

Hemp seeds are naturally gluten-free but can be subject to cross-contamination if they are processed in a facility that also processes gluten-containing grains. So if you adhere to a gluten-free diet, look for brands that are certified gluten free.


The common varieties of hemp hearts are organic and non-organic, but you’ll often find other derivatives of the hemp seed including, protein powder, soft gel capsules, oil, and hemp meal.

Many people wonder how hemp seeds compare to other common seeds like flax and chia. All of these seeds—chia, flax, and hemp—are great sources of plant protein and fiber. They do vary when it comes to their nutritional offerings. Hemp hearts have 10 grams of protein per serving, while chia and flax have only 5 grams per serving.

Additionally, hemp hearts have more omega fatty acids—with 12 grams per serving—than flax and chia seeds with 9 and 7 grams respectively. Hemp seeds are also unique in that they contain something called gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), which is an anti-inflammatory omega fatty acid; flax and chia seeds do not.

When It’s Best

Hemp seeds are available year-round in many natural food stores. But hemp is often harvested in the fall.

Storage and Food Safety

Hemp seeds can spoil fairly easily. But when stored properly, a package of hemp hearts can last for a year. Packages of shelled hemp seeds should be stored in a cool, dry place or at cooler temperatures. The best way to prevent spoilage is to store hemp seeds in a sealed container in the refrigerator. When stored in a pantry, they will only last 3 to 4 months.

You can also store seeds in freezer-safe bags and store them in the freezer. You’ll know that hemp hearts have gone bad when they have a rancid smell.

How to Prepare

You can use hemp hearts to make many kitchen staples. For example, you can make hemp milk by blending hemp hearts with water, then straining them. Ground seeds can be used to make flour. Or you can use the ground seeds to make vegan protein powder. Some people extract hemp oil from the seeds and used for dressings and sauces.

Hemp hearts are versatile, so they can be used in a range of dishes, from sweet to savory. They help provide texture, a little crunch, and a subtle, nutty flavor. They’re a great protein-packed addition that can be sprinkled atop many dishes or included in a recipe as an ingredient.

Consider these simple ways to use hemp seeds, hemp milk, or hemp oil:

Hemp hearts—also called hulled hemp seeds—are a good source of protein and healthy fat. A 3-tablespoon serving provides 166 calories, 15 grams of healthy fat, and over 9 grams of protein.

Natural hemp oil, CBD 10% 10 ml 1000mg

239.99 zł Brutto

Natural CBD oil from fiber hemp containing the full spectrum of phytocannabinoids (including CBD, CBDA, CBG, CBGA, CBDV, CBC).
• 1000mg phytochemicals, 1 drop contains about 5 mg of phytochemicals
• Does not contain solvents or dyes
• Highest quality guaranteed
• Shake well before use.
• Capacity: 10ml

Availability: In stock

  • Description
  • Storage method
  • Precautions
  • Certificate 10%
  • Reviews (0)

EXTRAKT CBD 10% oil is the highest quality product containing CBD extract obtained by the extraction CO2 method from hemp. The oil contains naturally occurring phytocannabinoids and due to low CBD percentage concentration, it is perfect for people starting their adventure with CBD. In addition, the oil is 100% natural, CBD extract contains natural omega-3, omega-6, omega-9 fatty acids found in hemp seeds and MCT oil. The product has been tested by the independent laboratory Cannalabs by EkotechLAB and has the authentic concentration of phytochemicals indicated on the packaging. EXTRAKT CBD 10% oil has no psychoactive or intoxicating effect, the oil does not contain preservatives, dyes or solvents, THC contained in it does not reach the level of 0.2%, making the product both legal and 100% safe to use.

Hemp oil has many positive properties, such as:
• positively affects the well-being,
• supports the immunity system,
• improves general physical and mental condition,
• relieves stress (has a relaxing effect) and improves the quality of sleep,
• improves memory and concentration,
• satisfies the body’s need for healthy omega-3, omega-6 and omega-9 fats,
• antioxidant,
• naturally occurring amino acids accelerate body regeneration, and many others.

CBD 10% oil is a dietary supplement, not a medicine. One drop of oil will provide your body with 5 mg of phytochemicals. The effects of using the product may vary from person to person.

Dietary supplement cannot be used as a substitute for a varied diet. Protect from light. Store in a refrigerator after opening, out of reach of small children. Do not exceed the recommended daily update.

Use as follows:
1. Open the bottle and fill the pipette
2. Apply sufficient amount under your tongue
3. Keep in mouth and wait for 30 seconds
4. Swallow CBD oil

Storage method

• In a place inaccessible and invisible to children,
• In a dry and cool place,
• In a dark place,


• Before using, read the product description,
• Shake well before use.
• Any change in color or consistency does not indicate a product defect
• Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should consult a doctor before using the supplement,,
• Like all products, this one can also cause allergies. Please report any negative changes to your doctor.
• CBD has no effect on driving or using machines, but if you experience symptoms such as drowsiness, dizziness, please consult your doctor,
• If specialist advice is needed, show the packaging or label.
• This product is not intended to treat, cure or prevent any disease,
• The information provided is for informational purpose only and cannot substitute for the professional advice of a specialist,
• The product is 100% legal in Poland,

Natural hemp oil, CBD 10% 10 ml 1000mg 239.99 zł Brutto Natural CBD oil from fiber hemp containing the full spectrum of phytocannabinoids (including CBD, CBDA, CBG, CBGA, CBDV, CBC). •

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hydroponic marijuana seeds

How to grow hydroponic weed?

Cannabis is a hardy plant that can adapt very well to different conditions so that it can be easily grown on almost all plant substrates. The most common methods are growing in soil or in hydroponic systems with substrates such as rock wool, coconut, expanded clay or Mapito.

Due to the benefits of using a hydroponic system, growing hydroponic weed has become very popular. However, to novice growers, it may sound off-puttingly technical.

No worries, we tell you exactly how to grow hydroponic weed including the best hydro systems and nutrients.

What is hydroponic weed?

Hydroponic is one of the most used methods of growing cannabis and is a very old cultivation method – archaeologists believe that hydroponics was used in the Hanging Gardens of Babylon. There are several types of hydroponic systems, but all are based on the same principle. The idea is simple; it is based on making the nutrients available to the plants by quickly absorbing fertilisers in an inert substrate such as rock wool, expanded clay or Mapito.

How it works

By using an automatic irrigation system, either recirculating (the nutrient solution is reused) or waste-to-drain (the excess nutrient solution is not reused), the cannabis plants are optimally supplied with nutrients. When using expanded clay, it is imperative to stabilise the pH of the substrate to avoid problems with the pH during the grow. If the expanded clay is not stabilised, many difficulties arise for the plants, and they will not be able to absorb the nutrients sufficiently. Also, in recirculating systems, when using unbuffered expanded clay, there are fluctuations in the nutrient tank, which can also lead to over- or under-fertilisation.

In recirculating systems in which the nutrient solution keeps leaving the tank and running back, the pH and EC value can be easily changed by an unbuffered or contaminated substrate. These factors also play a role in waste-to-drain systems, albeit a smaller one.

It is essential to point out that in these systems, the roots are exposed to the air, and constant irrigation is necessary so that the plants can develop without problems and do not dry out. As soon as a lack of moisture stresses the roots, they are severely damaged because they have no protection as in Coco substrate, in which the root ball is less exposed to the air and therefore dries out much more slowly than with expanded clay. On the other hand, if these factors are under control and no mistakes are made, the growth really explodes in such a hydroponic system.

The irrigation methods of the hydroponic systems sometimes differ enormously. There are systems like the Dutch Pot which have permanent 24-hour watering. Some growers water their plants every 15 minutes; others prefer watering them for 15 minutes every hour. Depending on the selected system, an optimal irrigation program must be set, just like when growing in rockwool.

Every grower has to find the ideal watering time for the grow, as this depends on several factors: temperature, humidity and ventilation. If the substrate dries out quickly, more waterings must be carried out, each with the development phase and needs of the plants’ optimal EC value. In hydroponic systems with rockwool or expanded clay, the nutrient uptake of the cannabis plants is more effective than in Coco, which is why the EC value should be slightly lower. The plants must also be checked every day to find an optimal EC value for each strain.

Advantages of growing hydroponic weed

Growing weed in a hydroponic way offers some serious advantages. Let’s dig into that deeper!

1. Complete control of nutrients and pH value

Hydroponics allows you to control the nutrients your cannabis plants need completely. Dilute them with water and add them to the tank so there is zero waste, unlike adding nutrients to the soil which is comparatively ineffective as some of the nutrients always fail to make it to the roots. You can calculate accurate nutrient measurements to guarantee that your weed plants receive exactly the right amount each day. The risk of root burn from inadvertently giving too much fertiliser is eliminated. Many strains of cannabis plants require a correct pH value to grow properly, and again, hydroponics ensures that the guesswork is removed when it comes to testing the pH value.

2. Increased yields

The effective fertilisation leads to improved growth and better yields, the end goal of all weed cultivators. Your precious plants don’t have to waste energy trying to get nutrients from the soil. Hydroponics means that they are free to focus on putting their energy on developing strong stalks and lovely leaves and buds.

3. A better way of using space

A hydroponic setup uses less space as the soil needs a lot of space for the roots. You can group your plants more closely together, and more plants mean more weed, once the flowering season begins! It’s also less messy than a soil-based system, no need to spend ages sweeping spilt compost from floors.

4. The roots are visible so you can quickly diagnose problems

Observing the root system is an excellent way to spot signs of nutrient deficiency or stress as problems are usually revealed more rapidly than the parts above ground. If the roots are not white, you need to take action – brown or dark roots are only seen in unhealthy plants.

5. Speedy growth rates

Hydroponics provides direct access to the nutrients your cannabis needs, close monitoring of pH and constant oxygen supply. As long as you have adequate lighting and good temperature control, plants will grow faster than plants that grow in soil. They are supplied with everything they need so that practically no energy is wasted. Plants which grow healthy and vigorously are also more resistant to diseases.

6. No need to worry about pests and diseases

Many pests and diseases thrive in soil. A hydroponic system instantly offers the answer to all these risks.

Disadvantages of hydroponics

Besides the advantages of growing hydroponically you have to be aware of the disadvantages in order to decide if growing hydroponically is the best option for your culture. So what are the disadvantages?

1. Initial investment costs

The cost of the equipment is more expensive than a crop that uses soil. However, after several successful crops, you will almost certainly realise that the investment is worth it.

2. Learning curve

Although hydroponic cultivation is not difficult, it requires a solid plan of action. You learn it by doing it so take your time and enjoy the learning process

Building a hydroponic system for growing weed

The following list encompasses all the apparatus you need to build a basic indoor hydroponic system. We recommend buying each item separately at the lowest possible price, so you have more funds for expensive but essential lighting and heating.

This is what you need

  1. A grow space
  2. Growing medium, such as coir or rockwool
  3. Seeds
  4. Mesh or net planting pots
  5. Hygrometer to measure humidity and a thermometer
  6. A carbon filter
  7. LED Lights
  8. A ventilation fan and an oscillating fan
  9. Ducting tubes
  10. Pump or airstone
  11. Lighting hangers
  12. Hydroponic reservoir and tray
  13. Nutrients
  14. pH and PPM meters

Best hydroponic medium to grow weed with

One of the first things you need to do is choosing a growing medium — this is a substance that supports the axis between the stem and roots. The growing medium allows the roots to descend into the water to access nutrients. There are many types of medium, each with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. It’a matter of experience to see which is best for you.

1. Clay Pebbles

Clay pebbles are highly popular as they are inexpensive and easy to use; just watch the pH levels as they may need to be altered because of the clay. Place in a basket with gaps for the roots to penetrate into the water.

2. Rockwool or mineral wool

Rockwool is also a common choice and is a substance made from spinning fibres from basaltic rocks into a wool texture. Rockwool is really good at retaining water, which enables proper hydration of the top root system. However, it is not very environmentally friendly and is also potentially harmful to your health.

3. Perlite

Perlite is an amorphous volcanic glass that swells when it is exposed to high temperatures. You may have come across it in compost to prevent compaction and to provide aeration, and it serves the same purpose when used in hydroponics.

4. Coco Coir

Coco coir is the hairy fibre from coconuts and enables proper aeration and moisture retention. Coconut fibres also help protect roots from being affected by plant-stimulating hormones.

Best hydroponic system for weed

All systems use a water solution enriched with nutrients. However, some installations vary according to various factors such as circulation and water exposure. You can buy hydroponics setups online, or you can save money and build one yourself if you have DIY expertise.

1. Deep water culture

Deep water culture is an excellent place to start for beginners and is probably the least expensive option. Cannabis plants are placed in buckets filled with a nutrient solution, and an air pump provides a constant supply of oxygen.

2. Flood and drain system

This type of system consists of several buckets hung over a growing tray which has two waterways; an inlet and outlet, both of which are connected to an external tank that contains nutrients. A flood and drain system is a very stable method of cultivation and is highly recommended for novice growers who need a secure hydro system that will still provide great results.

3. Drip system

A drip system is an active hydroponic system, which means that it utilises a pump to supply your plants with regular nutrients and water. It is also known as a micro-irrigation system. The system features small emitters to drip the nutrients directly onto your cannabis plants.

4. Nutrient film technique

If deep water culture is similar to growing cannabis plants in a pond, then the nutrient film technique equates to growing weed over a river. This system involves placing weed plants into an angled tube so that water can flow in one side and leave the other via gravity. The roots descend into the tube, where they are exposed to the flowing water. The water enters from a tank with a pump and airstone and returns once the cycle is complete.

5. Wick system

A wick system is a simple hydroponic setup that features a growing tray. A tank of water is placed underneath from which several wicks exit and enter the growing medium. Water flows up the wicks and hydrates the medium without a pump being required.

Best nutrients for hydroponics

In hydroponics, the nutrients the plants need are mixed with the water the plants receive. Here you have two options:

1. Liquid food

Liquid food needs to be mixed with a certain amount of water. If the plant then absorbs water, it also absorbs nutrients, allowing it to grow.

2. Capsules

The capsules are slightly different. These have to be mixed with water, but they will sink to the bottom anyway, no matter how much you mix. When the plant is hungry, it secretes a specific acid that ends up in the water and causes the capsules to disintegrate. The nutrients in the capsules are thus released and mix with the water. The nutrients are then absorbed in the same way as with liquid food. If the plant absorbs some of the water, it automatically absorbs the nutrients in the water. The handy thing about this system is that you can easily give the plant a lot of nutrients, without running the risk that the weed will immediately consume everything.

Best strains for hydroponics

Choosing the right strain is an important consideration when using hydroponics. Plants can absorb nutrients very quickly, which frequently leads to ultra-rapid growth. If space is at a premium, you would be well-advised to opt for a small, bushy Indica rather than a lanky Sativa that will quickly be out of control.

Smaller and bushier varieties are great for indoor hydroponic systems for several reasons. Firstly, it will allow you to grow types of weed plants within a smaller space, enabling greater variation and yields. If your plants do decide to take off, you’ll have enough room to cope with a sudden upsurge in height.

Here are two strains that are brilliant for hydroponic growing:

Blue Dream

Anyone who wants to try and grow Blue Dream should be warned – nutrients are very important and potentially expensive as this cannabis strain is famous for its hungry appetite.

One of the many reasons why Blue Dream is an excellent choice for hydroponics is because the nutrients it craves will be optimally absorbed in water. Less waste and less cost. Blue Dream is highly recommended as it offers brilliant highs and effectively treats depression.

White Widow

White Widow is one of the most potent Ruderalis hybrids currently available on the market with a downright great fruity aroma and taste. Its highs make it a good strain to be used in combating anxiety, stress, anxiety and sleep disorders, a perfect strain for ultimate relaxation after a stressful day. It offers average yields for an auto-flower, but the result is absolutely worth it.

The White Widow Auto is ideal for hydroponic cultivation – and a perfect strain for novice growers due to its robust nature, high natural resistance to mould and its ability to withstand almost any climate. The White Widow Auto has a small to medium build that tends to form one large, dense central bud whose growth and density can be stimulated by pruning the lower branches in time so she can put all her energy into the tops.

Tip: check our feminized White Widow strain seeds

Hydroponics can seem daunting but the effort is worthwhile

Hydroponics can seem off-puttingly complex to a novice grower. All the various components and methods are a lot to take in. Our advice is to start small, select a reliable strain, and regularly tend to the needs of your plants. Using a hydroponic system is very rewarding, and your hard work will pay off with quick harvest time and generous yields.

It’s important to remember that, to produce good weed using hydroponics; it is still vital to use a reliable seed source, such as Weedseedsexpress. You could spend lots of money on expensive hydroponics systems but fail to produce a good crop of weed. A potent strain of genetics is essential for a seed to reach its potential and blossom into high-quality buds filled with sticky resin.

Contact Weedseedsexpress and browse our extensive selection of high quality cannabis seeds.

Curious how to grow hydroponic weed? Check it out! We explain what hydroponic weed is, how to build the best setup and what you need!

How to Germinate Cannabis Seeds in Hydro

We have a cannabis seedling germination page which has everything you need to know about all the different germination methods, but this tutorial is different. In this hydroponic seedling tutorial I’m going to share exactly how I do my seeds from beginning to end in a DWC/bubbleponics setup!

Just follow these instructions and you’ll end up with healthy, fast-growing plants that germinate in just a few days. It’s pretty much fail proof!

Learn How to Start Seedlings So You Can Grow Hydroponic Cannabis Plants Like This!

Example of a cannabis plant with amazing Hydroponic roots!

Supplies Needed

1.) Get Cannabis Seeds

There are a few different ways to get cannabis seeds, with the most common being ordering seeds online and growing seeds you find in weed that you buy. Learn how to research and find the right strain.

Here’s a picture showing several healthy and viable cannabis seeds

Although each of these cannabis seeds look different, they

2.) Germination for Hydroponics

I’ve tried a bunch of different germination methods over the years, and the technique I prefer is for hydroponics is starting with the “Paper towel method” to germinate, putting the germinated seeds into Rapid Rooters, and installing the Rapid Rooters directly into reservoir. Lots of other germination methods as well, but this has worked best for me!

Paper Towel Method

This method is hard to mess up if you follow the instructions!

  1. Place your seeds inside a folded wet paper towel, and place it between two paper plates (or regular plates) so that they don’t dry out.
  2. Check on your seeds every 12 hours but try not to disturb them. When they’ve germinated, you’ll see the seeds have cracked and there are little white roots coming out.
  3. They should germinate in 1-4 days, though some seeds can take a week or longer (especially older seeds).
  4. Keep them warm if possible. One thing you can do to get seeds to germinate a little faster is to keep them in a warm place (75-80°F). Some people use a seedling heat mat but in most cases that’s unnecessary.

These seedlings were sprouted using the paper towel method!

Example of several cannabis seedlings sprouting after being germinated using the paper towel method!

3.) Place Germinated Seed in a Rapid Rooter

The Rapid Rooter should be cut open lengthwise

Cut the Rapid Rooter open lengthwise so it

Gently place the germinated seed inside, root down


Most seedling plugs will go back into place easily, and you’ll barely be able to tell it’s been opened 🙂

Close the Rapid Rooter Around the Seedling!

4.) Prepare Hydro System for Its New Guest

If you haven’t put your hydroponic system together yet, now is the time! Make sure your pumps are all running, and that you’ve made a reservoir with seedling-strength nutrients. You need a home to put your new plants!

Example of a DWC reservoir - just waiting for cannabis seedlings and the hydroponics grow is started!

Hydro Tips & Hints

  • Air bubbles – have lots and lots of bubbles in your water reservoir. That means your air pump needs to be on all the time for the full grow. The main benefit of hydro is your plant roots are getting an unlimited amount of both water and oxygen. This is achieved by dissolving a lot of air into the water via an air stone and air pump. In order to get the fast growth, you want a lot of bubbles! A highly-oxygenated tank is also far less likely to get root rot, or suffer from other unwanted organisms growing in the reservoir!
  • Hydroguard – This supplement contains a specific bacteria that was first found in rice paddies in Japan in the 40s! It’s been common in Asia for years but only in the last several years has it been available in the US from a company called Botanicare. I highly recommend, even insist, that all hydro growers get this cheap-but-effective supplement to keep plant roots healthy!
  • Add seedling level nutrients from the beginning. A lot of growers, especially soil growers, will tell you not to add any nutrients for the first few weeks of the plant’s life. That makes a lot of sense in soil, because there are lots of nutrients contained in the soil itself for your young cannabis seedling, and giving more right at the beginning can end up giving way too much for such a young plant. However, in hydro, the only nutrients your seedling gets is what’s in the water, plus what little was contained in the seed itself. Because of that, I highly recommend giving seedling-strength nutrients to your plants from when you first fill your reservoir. Seedlings grow a LOT faster with light levels of nutrients than if you only give plain, pH’ed water at first.
  • Always check the pHfrom the beginning of your plant’s life to end the of your plant’s life

5.) Install Rapid Rooter and water the seedlings until roots reach the water reservoir – Turn on light to keep seedlings warm for best results!

Make sure to always keep the Rapid Rooter moist but not soaking wet.

If you have a top-feed, place the tube near the bottom of the net pot so the water isn’t soaking the seedling’s roots. You just want water dripping out the bottom so the root can use it for oxygen and water until it’s fully established in the reservoir.

Example of filling the bottom of a net pot with hydroton, then installing the top-feed tube

Add your Rapid Rooter(s), and fill around the edges with extra clay pellets to hold each one in place.

Since your seed has already sprouted and been in placed into the right growing position, it’ll often pop its head out within just 12-24 hours! Sometimes you see just the leaves, but occasionally you actually see the seedling push the shell above ground. I keep the grow light on even before the seedling appears. It helps keep it warm and guide it toward the light.

Cannabis seedling puts its head above the surface!

When this happens the shell usually falls off on its own as the seedling grows!

Example of cannabis seedling in the process of shedding its shell!

The Rapid Rooter in this picture is a little too wet, which makes the seedling prone to “damping off.” If you ever notice the Rapid Rooter actually looks wet or shiny, it’s too much water. Try turning the top-feed off every few hours, or hand-watering the seedling at first. Too much moisture can kill!

Example of a little marijuana seedling in a DWC setup

Don’t use a humidity dome on seedlings unless it’s very dry where you live. If you do use a dome, consider keeping a vent open and watching the humidity. A young seedling doesn’t require high humidity, and they tend to get “wet feet” and stop growing in constantly wet conditions.

Now that your seedling in in the tank, it’s time to learn how to….

6.) Take Care of Hydro Seedlings

Here are tips for taking the best care of hydroponic marijuana seedlings:

  • Leave roots alone as much as you can with young seedlings in a hydroponic setup. It takes them a little while to get all established in the tank, almost like a fish, and during that time seedlings are much more sensitive to their roots being touched or being moved around. If at all possible, try to let the seedling grow in the same place without being moved for at least a few weeks until you put them in their final home, or even just start them in their final home!
  • Avoid reservoir changes for a few weeks if you can – Going along with what I said before about leaving the roots alone, I’ve found that young seedlings often don’t respond well to reservoir changes. Instead of changing the reservoir, just top off with half-strength vegetative nutrient water until the plant is at least 3 weeks old. It won’t be using enough nutrients to mess with the ratios, and as long as you maintain the pH and use Hydroguard your young plant will be fine with being topped off.
  • Check the pH dailyto prevent nutrient deficiencies
  • Warm but not hot temperature– I recommend hydro growers aim for 75°F, and try to stay between 73-80°F.

These seedlings are a few weeks old, and the grower plans to move them all to the

This is a time-lapse video of a cannabis seedling sprouting and growing over 13 days.

Cannabis seedlings just getting their bearings – try to avoid moving or disturbing them until they are growing fast, with new leaves every day!

Example of two cannabis seedlings getting their bearings

Big cannabis plants ready to switch to the flowering stage

I thought hydro plants liked it cold?

Just like in soil, cannabis plants in hydro tend to grow faster in relatively warm temperatures. This is a somewhat controversial statement because a lot of hydro growers prefer to keep their temperature lower in the grow space to help prevent root rot. In fact, there are some growers right now who are reading this and shaking their heads at me.

Example of three happy cannabis plants in the vegetative stage living in a hydroponic reservoirThere’s good reason to believe that hydro plants would grow better with a cool reservoir. For example, the bad microorganisms that make root rot don’t survive well at lower temperatures. Additionally, water can physically hold more oxygen at lower temperatures, which seems like it would be great for faster plant growth. Because of this, lots of growers will AC their room to 60°F, and/or get a water chiller to cool their water reservoir to a similar temperature.

I do agree that if the temperature is above 80°F, your plant is a lot more likely to get root rot. However, I personally have not found that cool temperatures are adequate to prevent root rot. Even if the temperature is 60°F, you still need lots of bubbles and a “good bacteria” supplement like Hydroguard to prevent root rot in many cases.

I’ve seen several growers buy a water chiller and still get root rot. So I personally don’t believe cold temperatures are the best way to go to keep roots healthy.

The other reason I recommend to keep it warmer is because the plants just grow faster around 75°F in hydro. If your roots go from 60°F to 75°F, you’ll see the plants start growing faster in just a day or two, just like how plants in soil grow faster when it’s warm!

Just like in soil or coco, cannabis plants in hydro grow fastest when it’s a little warm, around 75°F!

Although there may be more oxygen dissolved in the water at lower temperatures, at least in my grow tent that apparently isn’t the limiting factor to growth, because plant growth speeds up at warmer temperatures.

I’ve found that if the grow space feels cool to you, it also feels cool to your plant most likely, and it may not be growing to its full potential. Some Sativa strains are particularly sensitive to the cold, though some Indica strains from cold climates will still thrive at lower temps.
Autopsy: Why Aren’t My Seeds Sprouting?

If your seeds still aren’t sprouting and growing properly, consider the following factors.

If there’s no germination at all…

  • Temperature may be too hot or cold – aim for 75-80°F
  • Too wet – seeds and seedling roots should always be moist, but should not stay wet
  • Too dry – if a root dries out the seedling can die!
  • Bad seeds – It might not be you, it could be the seeds themselves! How can I tell if seeds are viable?

If seeds sprout, but then stop growing…

  • Temperature is too hot or cold – aim for 73-78°F
  • Too wet – even though your plants are growing with root directly in water, new seedlings don’t like “wet feet”. They don’t like for it to be too wet near the seed for too long, so make sure your Rapid Rooter or growing medium nevers looks shiny or muddy, as that means there’s too much water! Young roots that stay too wet for too long start to get mushy and die. For this reason, it’s also usually recommended to avoid using a humidity dome with seedlings unless your air is dry. Although clones love humidity domes (they need water from the air because they don’t have any roots to get water), seedlings like it a little more dry or roots tend to get mushy.
  • Too dry – less common unless you live in a very dry area, but sometimes your medium dries out too fast if you’ve got a heavy-drinking, fast-growing seedling!
  • Too much light – if the seedlings get blasted with high levels of light right away, it can shock them. They may need some time to adjust to higher light levels. Simply starting your grow light a little further away that normal is usually enough.Think sunny window at first, and start ramping up after a week of healthy growth.
  • Not enough light – if seedlings are growing long and stretchy without growing new sets of leaves, it means it wants more light.
  • No light for more than a day – if the sprouted seed doesn’t get light within 24 hours after sprouting, it may die. Once seeds are sprouted, get them in a Rapid Rooter and under at least some amount of light as soon as possible!
  • Roots damaged – If somehow your roots got damaged, it can sometimes stop the seedling from growing

Unfortunately sometimes you will never know why certain seeds just don’t thrive! It’s all part of nature 🙂

How to Germinate Cannabis Seeds in Hydro We have a cannabis seedling germination page which has everything you need to know about all the different germination methods, but this tutorial is

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hemp seeds omega 6

Top 10 Foods with the Highest Omega 3 to Omega 6 Ratio

Photo of Daisy Whitbread

Top 10 Foods with the Highest Omega 3 to Omega 6 Ratio

Research suggests that eating a diet with a high omega-3 to omega-6 ratio leads to a reduced risk of some cancers, cardiovascular disease, inflammation, developmental disorders, and cognitive aging. (1,2)

This article lists the foods with the highest omega-3 to omega-6 ratio, so that you can achieve a better balance in your diet.

Foods with a high omega-3 to omega-6 ratio include crab, fish (tuna, cod, salmon), mussels, rapini, spinach, flax seeds, mangoes, lettuce, and kidney beans.

There is no daily value set for omega-3s, but the adequate intake (AI) per day is set at 1600mg. This is used to calculate the AI of omega-3 for the foods in the list.

Below is a list of foods with high omega 3 to omega 6 ratios, for more, see the list of foods high in omega 3s, and the complete ranking of over 200 foods high in omega 3s per omega 6.

List of Foods High in Omega 3s and Low in Omega 6

Foods with a high Omega 3 to Omega 6 ratio include crab, fish (tuna, cod, salmon), mussels, rapini, spinach, flax seeds, mangoes, lettuce, and kidney beans. There is no daily value set for omega 3s, but the adequate intake (AI) per day is set at 1600mg.

Hemp Seed

HSM shows a strong antioxidant effect, which was tested by rearing flies on either HSM or cornmeal-soybean standard media, together with H2O2, and then comparing their survival rates (Lee et al., 2011).

Related terms:

  • Cytochrome P450
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Vegetable Oil
  • Enzyme
  • Protein
  • Carcinogen
  • Toxicity
  • Intoxication
  • Cannabis

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Herbal Oil Supplement With Hot-Nature Diet for Multiple Sclerosis

Hempseed Oil as a Nutritional Resource

Hempseed (HS) or C. sativa L has been an important source of nutrition for thousands of years in Old World cultures. 129–132 HS typically contains over 30% oil and about 25% protein, with considerable amounts of dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals. HS has been used to treat various disorders for thousands of years in traditional oriental medicine. Clinical trials have identified HSO as a functional food. 133 HSO has been used as a food/medicine in China for at least 3000 years. 131 HSO is over 80% in PUFAs, and is an exceptionally rich source of the two EFAs (LA and ALA). The ω6/ω3 ratio in HSO is normally between 2:1 and 3:1, which is considered optimal for human health. 35 The ω6/ω3 ratio in most commercial HSOs is typically near 2.5:1. 134,135 The presence of both GLA and SDA in HSO, typically at a favorable ω6/ω3 ratio of 2:1, allows this enzymatic step with D6D to be efficiently bypassed ( Table 24.4 ). 136

Table 24.4 . Fatty Acid Profiles (%) of Hempseed and Evening Primrose Oils

Seed Oil Palmitic Acid Stearic Acid Oleic Acid Linoleic ALA GLA SDA % PUFA n-6/n-3 Ratio
Virgin hempseed 5 2 7–16 56 22 7 2.5 84 2.5
Evening primrose 6 1 8 76 0 9 0 85 >100

From a nutritional point of view, up to 7% GLA and 2.5% SDA are very interesting. Due to the high amount of USFAs, HSO is very susceptible to oxidative deterioration, which results in a fast impairment of the oil during storage. The result is a product with an intensive green color, because of the high amounts of chlorophyll coextracted with the oil. Virgin HSO is characterized by a nutty taste with a slightly bitter aftertaste. The use of virgin HSO is recommended during mild processing of food without heat. 137 One published report has described the application of HS porridge, from folk medicine, in the treatment of tuberculosis without antibiotics. 138 The FA profile of HSO is remarkably similar to that of black currant seed oil, which also seems to have a beneficial impact on immunological vigor. 139,140

Vegetable Oils: Types and Properties

Hempseed oil (Cannabis sativa)

Global hempseed oil production is around 10 000 tonnes per annum. Most seed is grown in China and Canada In the US, the cultivation of industrial hemp crops was indiscriminately lumped into the same legal category as drug – Cannabis but nowadays, more and more states allow hemp and cannabis to be grown for industrial, medicinal, and recreational purposes. The oil content of the seed is about 35%.

When discussing hempseed oil processing, Callaway and Pate stressed the necessity to maintain an inert atmosphere throughout the processing, and when discussing hempseed oil stability, they ascribed the poor stability of hempseed oil to its high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids. However, when listing typical nutritional values for vitamins and minerals in hempseed, they mentioned an iron content of 14 mg per 100 g or 140 ppm and a copper content of 2 mg per 100 g or 20 ppm. Even if a small fraction of these metals ended up in the oil, for instance, as phosphatidate, that would already explain the poor shelf life of the oil. The statement that ‘defatted meal resulting from solvent extraction is not suitable for human food because residual solvents (typically hexanes) contaminate the final product’ will most certainly be disputed by those skilled in the art.

Development & Modification of Bioactivity

Arno Hazekamp , . Renee L. Ruhaak , in Comprehensive Natural Products II , 2010 Hemp Oil

When Cannabis is cultivated for the production of fiber or seeds, only specially selected varieties with a very low THC content are legally allowed to be used. In that case, it is usual to use the term hemp instead of Cannabis (see Section ). In recent years, scientific knowledge on the composition and benefits of hemp oil has increased significantly. The oil of Cannabis seeds has been promoted as a good source of the healthy polyunsaturated fatty acids, and may be considered a sustainable alternative to fish oil. It is widely used in body care products, lubricants, paints, and for other industrial uses, while its antimicrobial properties and emollient effect make it a useful ingredient for soaps, shampoos, and detergents.

Hemp oil is obtained from mature hemp seeds , grown outdoors. 273 After harvest, the seed is dried to reduce its moisture content, which also prevents sprouting during storage. Hemp seed contains about 30–35% oil by weight. 273,274 Because hemp oil is considered to be a relatively unstable product, it is not extracted by means of steam or organic solvents, but mainly by cold-pressing methods. Cold-pressed, unrefined hemp oil is light green, with a nutty, grassy flavor, whereas refined hemp oil is clear with little flavor. Chlorophyll and the carotenoid pigments found in mature seeds provide the natural dark green color to the oil. Composition of hemp oil

Hemp seed typically contains about 25% high-quality protein and 35% fat in the form of an excellent quality oil. It has a remarkable fatty acid profile, being high in the desirable omega-3 fatty acids and also delivering some γ-linolenic acid (GLA), which is deficient in the average Western diet. 275 Although work by Ross et al. 276 showed no significant difference in the fatty acid composition of the oil generated from drug- or fiber-type seeds, the content of such higher fatty acids may vary considerably with variety, climate, and growing conditions.

Hemp oil typically contains 50–70% linoleic acid (LA; C18:2, an omega-6 fatty acid) and 15–25% α-linolenic acid (ALA; C18:3, an omega-3 fatty acid), 273 which is roughly in the 3:1 ratio that matches our nutritional needs (see Section ). Furthermore, hemp oil provides significant amounts of some higher fatty acids such as GLA (C18:3; omega-6) and stearidonic acid (SDA; C18:4; omega-3). 273 Oleic acid (C18:1) and saturated fatty acids (mainly palmitic, stearic acids) both make up about another 10% of the oil. 27 In some hemp varieties, the omega-9 fatty acid eicosenoic acid (EA; C20:1) is present in amounts up to 0.5%; 273,277 however, most varieties typically contain much less.

Because hemp oil contains a high proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids, 278 the double bonds that provide such unsaturation may be degraded because of oxidation by exposure to air, light, and/or elevated temperatures. At temperatures above 200 °C, undesirable trans-fatty acids are gradually formed, which may lead to the formation of aldehydes, causing the oil to become rancid. As a result, it is generally recommended that hemp oil should not be used for frying or baking, but preferably should be consumed cold. 273,275 However, results obtained by Molleken and Theimer, 277 who subjected hemp oil to a series of heat treatments before analyzing the fatty acid composition, showed that the stability of hemp oil is much better than generally assumed: trans-fatty acids were not formed under normal cooking conditions, and heated native hemp oils were quite stable under high-temperature conditions (up to 250 °C), presumably because of the presence of significant amounts of the antioxidant γ-tocopherol. In general, extra addition of tocopherols is recommended as preservative for hemp oil. 279

Besides fatty acids, moderate to high concentrations of the vitamin E are present in hemp oil as well as small amounts of phytosterols, phospholipids, chlorophyll, carotenes, and several minerals. 27 Therapeutic potential

Many edible oils (e.g., hemp, sunflower, soybean, pumpkin, and canola) contain significant amounts of the health-promoting omega-6 fatty acid LA. However, only some of these oils simultaneously provide significant amounts of the omega-3 ALA ( Figure 13 ). It is important to notice that only hemp oil provides a ratio of LA to ALA close to 3:1, which is suggested as optimal for human nutrition. 273,280,281 Furthermore, hemp oil contains GLA and SDA. No other edible plant oil has these nutritional advantages.

Figure 13 . Typical fatty acid composition of vegetable oils. Reproduced with permission from G. Leson; P. Pless; J. Roulac, Hemp Foods and Oils for Health; Hemptech: Sebastopol, CA, 1999.

The unbalanced intake of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids is associated with many chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, obesity, autoimmune diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, and depression. 282 The average Western diet provides a ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 of about 15:1. An increased intake of omega-3 fatty acids, through their eicosanoid metabolites, has been shown to result in lower blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels, playing an important role in the prevention and treatment of coronary artery disease, cancer, and hypertension. Moreover, it helps normalize fat metabolism and decreases insulin dependence in diabetics. Omega-3 fatty acids also increase overall metabolic rate and membrane fluidity, and exhibit anti-inflammatory properties, specifically with regard to relieving arthritis. 281,283

Nutritionists suggest that daily requirements should range from 9 to 18 g of LA and 6 to 7 g of ALA, which would be equivalent to the consumption of three to five tablespoons of hemp oil. However, individuals who consume a diet high in saturated fatty acids or trans-fatty acids will require more, as well as people who are overweight or under great stress. 220,281 Cannabinoid contamination of hemp oil products

Because hemp oil is produced for applications in food, the fear exists that the oil may be contaminated with significant amounts of the psychoactive component THC. Although no cannabinoids are metabolically produced by the hemp seed itself, they may be detected in hemp oil because cannabinoids as well as other components present in the resin may be transferred from the flowers and leaves onto the seeds, and subsequently to the oil during pressing. Thorough cleaning of the seeds, including the removal of the seed coat (dehulling), and the use of varieties with a certified low THC content (or more accurately: THCA content, see Section ) are ways of preventing such contamination. 27 Certified low-THC hemp seed is currently available from Canada, Europe, and China and is under development in Australia and the United States. Today, hemp is grown throughout the world – except in the United States, where it is illegal to grow the plant but allowed to import, manufacture, and sell products made from it.

In order to ensure the safety of hemp products (oil and other), strict legal limits have been set for the level of THC allowed, ranging from 10 ppm in Canada to 50 ppm in Switzerland. 284 Nowadays, THC quantities observed in hemp oil are usually so small that there is no possibility of intoxication and hence no potential negative effects on human health. Use of cosmetics based on hemp oil typically does not result in positive urine tests for marijuana use. The minimal amounts of THC in hemp oil are probably not absorbed through the skin and/or do not cause any relevant uptake into the bloodstream.

Lipids and Lipid Signaling in Drosophila Models of Neurodegenerative Diseases

Effects of PUFA and Cholesterol Levels on Drosophila AD Models Expressing Human Aβ42

The effects of hempseed meal (HSM) intake and linoleic acid on the human Aβ42-expressing Drosophila AD model were studied ( Lee et al., 2011 ). Hempseed is a rich source of oil, composed of more than 80% polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). The fatty acids in hempseed oil include a variety of essential fatty acids, including linoleic acid (LA, 18:2n6) and α-linolenic acid (ALA, 18:3n3), as well as γ-linolenic acid (GLA, 18:3n6) ( Callaway, 2004 ).

HSM shows a strong antioxidant effect, which was tested by rearing flies on either HSM or cornmeal-soybean standard media, together with H2O2, and then comparing their survival rates ( Lee et al., 2011 ). Intriguingly, the survival rates of flies reared on HSM were much higher, indicating that HSM exerts a protective effect from the toxicity of H2O2, which suggests that HSM has antioxidant properties. LA, a major non-polar component of hempseed, also showed a protective effect against the toxicity of H2O2 when supplemented in standard medium containing H2O2. However, because the degree of increase in the survival rate of LA-fed flies was lower than that observed in the flies fed on HSM, the antioxidant activity of HSM is probably not caused solely by LA, but rather, a result of the complex effects of various HSM components, such as other PUFAs and phytosterols.

HSM intake also showed a protective effect against the cytotoxicity of Aβ42. When Aβ42 was ectopically expressed in the fly eye, it induced profound eye degeneration. The defective eyes could be divided into 2 groups (mild and severe) according to their size ( Lee et al., 2011 ). Eighty percent of the flies reared in standard medium showed severe phenotypes. However, feeding with HSM reduced the rate of occurrence of the severe defects to 50%, indicating that HSM intake suppressed Aβ42 cytotoxicity. In an effort to find the molecular components of hempseed that mediate the protective effect against eye degeneration, four major components of HSM – LA, ALA, GLA, and campesterol – were tested in the fly AD model. Interestingly, LA and ALA, but not GLA or campesterol, ameliorated the eye degeneration phenotypes in a dose-dependent manner.

At the moment, the molecular mechanism by which HSM, LA, and ALA exert their protective effects have yet to be clarified. As oxidative stress is an important mediator of Aβ42 toxicity, the antioxidant property of the HSM and fatty acids could be the main factor for the protective effects. Indeed, some studies have shown that the supplementation with PUFAs decreased oxidant parameters such as lipid peroxide and reactive oxygen species levels in mammalian animal models including the rat AD model ( Hashimoto et al., 2002; Sarsilmaz et al., 2003 ). However, other studies reported that PUFA treatment does not prevent amyloid-β-mediated oxidative stress ( Florent et al., 2006; Florent-Béchard et al., 2009 ). Consistently, HSM feeding does not affect the disease-like phenotypes of the Drosophila model of PD and HD, two diseases that have been extensively associated with oxidative stress. Therefore, it is unlikely that the suppression of oxidative stress is a plausible way to explain the protective effect of HSM against Aβ42 cytotoxicity. Alternatively, HSM and PUFAs could exert their protective activity by regulating cholesterol level ( Figure 26.4 ). Although its role in AD pathology is still not fully understood, cholesterol has been implicated in AD at various aspects of pathology. Aβ42 is produced from APP through the amyloidogenic pathway, which occurs in the cholesterol-enriched lipid rafts, while APP is alternatively cleaved by α-secretase in the non-raft region ( Florent-Béchard et al., 2009 ). Accordingly, cholesterol depletion has been found to suppress Aβ42 production in hippocampal neurons ( Simons et al., 1998 ). In Drosophila, a screening of genetic modifiers of Aβ42 cytotoxicity identified loechrig mutants, in which the cholesterol homeostasis-associated protein AMP kinase γ is deficient ( Cao et al., 2008 ). HSM and LA intake reduced the cholesterol uptake level in Drosophila. When flies were reared in high-cholesterol food with HSM or LA, the body cholesterol level was reduced to a nearly normal level; on the contrary, the body cholesterol level of control flies reared on high-cholesterol food without HSM and LA was greatly increased ( Lee et al., 2011 ). Consistently, LA intake affects Drosophila development by decreasing the cholesterol level ( Figure 26.5 ), which is crucial for metamorphosis, as cholesterol is a precursor of the molting hormone ecdysone. Drosophila larval growth is delayed by intake of a PUFA mixture or LA, and is enhanced by cholesterol. Interestingly, the delayed larval growth induced by LA feeding is almost completely rescued by an intake of cholesterol. These results suggest that linoleic acid can act antagonistically with cholesterol during Drosophila development. Therefore, PUFAs may exert their beneficial effects on Drosophila AD models by reducing the brain’s cholesterol level, which causes the deleterious effects of AD at high levels.

Figure 26.4 . The molecular mechanisms of the lipid functions in Drosophila models of neurodegenerative diseases. C, carboxyl terminus; DAG, diacylglycerol; DGK ε, diacylglycerol kinase ε; Htt, huntingtin; IP3, inositol trisphosphate; N, amino terminus; OCB, open channel block; PA, phosphatidic acid; PE, phosphatidylethanolamine; PIP, phosphatidylinositol monophosphate; PIP2, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate; Poly Q, polyglutamine; PUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acid; sAPPβ, soluble beta amyloid precursor protein.

Figure 26.5 . The effect of linoleic acid on Drosophila development.

Adapted with permission from Lee et al. 2011 .

Hemp Seed HSM shows a strong antioxidant effect, which was tested by rearing flies on either HSM or cornmeal-soybean standard media, together with H2O2, and then comparing their survival rates

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6 seeds

Serious 6

Serious 6 was created as an almost pure Sativa with a very short flowering time by mixing genetics from Canada with Sativa-landraces from Africa. She is vigorous, very mold-resistant and will finish VERY EARLY outdoors, from the middle to end of September, even in a humid and cold climate. SPRING 2021: BUY SERIOUS 6 NOW AND RECEIVE 2 PROMO SEEDS OF SERIOUS 7 !Read more

Time from germination to when you switch to 12/12 (hours light/dark)

Number of weeks that the plant needs to finish, after switching to 12/12 (hours light/dark)

Total weight of dry bud the plant yields (Minimum – Maximum)

  • Date when outdoor plants can be harvested, also depending on where the plant is grown

  • Expected THC level when ripe

    Expected CBD level when ripe


    Serious 6 was created as an almost pure Sativa with a very short flowering time by mixing genetics from Canada with Sativa-landraces from Africa. She is vigorous, very mold-resistant and will finish VERY EARLY outdoors, from the middle to end of September, even in a humid and cold climate. Our advice is to not start the seeds indoor before April 15th to prevent early onset of flowering and revegging when the plants are put outside too early.

    Flowering INDOORS is ONLY recommended to EXPERT growers, as a tiny portion of the plants can have hermaphroditic tendencies (2 out of 100 plants are stress-sensitive to light stress). Outdoors under natural light that is no problem, Serious 6 grows tall and slender with full buds, only a few small leaves and a particularly thick layer of crystals.

    Half of the plants will show beautiful pink pistils. At the end of flowering purple colors may show in the flowers. The unique aroma of Serious 6 is amazing and cannot be compared to other varieties, it is built up in layers; citric, anise, spicy are only a few of the recognizable aromas. Her effect is a crystal clear head-high, which will get you active and creative.



    What about Serious 7?

    We have been working for years to improve the Serious 6. Not so easy. Now we have something that may be interesting to people. A plant that is more uniform than Serious 6 in all respects. Harvest date of Serious 7 is generally more like the earliest Serious 6. A bit less smelly than Serious 6, good against neighbours. More crystals make it a bit stronger, and no pink pistils. To loose the pink colors is not what we wanted, but in breeding you have to make choices and compromises. The pink colors of Serious 6 are beautiful as long as the plant is alive. Dried buds have no pink colors any more.

    The Serious 7 is a rewarding strain. You could say it is the white pheno of the Serious 6. We do not sell this variety (yet) but give it away as promo seed to get feed back from you. Let us know what you think of the Serious 7. If enough people like it, we probably take it up in our menu.

    Serious 6 was created as an almost pure Sativa with a very short flowering time. She is vigorous, very mold-resistant and will finish VERY EARLY outdoors. The unique aroma of Serious 6 is amazing and cannot be compared to other varieties, it is built up in layers; citric, anise, spicy are only a few of the recognizable aromas.

    The 6 Best Seeds to Eat

    chia seeds

    Plant a seed. Watch it grow. Eat a seed. Reap the health benefits.

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    “Seeds are good sources of plant-based, healthy fats, fiber and minerals,” says registered dietitian Kate Patton,RD. And for such a tiny package, the impacts on your body are massive. Seeds are loaded with:

    • Iron – Which helps you make proteins that carry oxygen-rich blood throughout your body.
    • Calcium – Critical for bone health.
    • Magnesium A mineral that helps with hydration and bowel and brain health — and one we often don’t have enough of.
    • Phosphorus– Important for many body functions, including repairing cells and filtering waste.

    The best seeds to eat for your diet

    Patton says these six seeds are a great addition to a healthy diet:

    • Flaxseeds.
    • Chia seeds.
    • Pumpkin seeds.
    • Sunflower seeds.
    • Hemp seeds.
    • Sesame seeds.

    Why flaxseeds are good for you

    Flaxseed, or flax, is the seed of the flax plant. It’s loaded with fiber, protein and potassium. It’s also a great source of lignans. “Lignans are a polyphenol, which is a type of antioxidant. While lignans are in other plant sources, flaxseed contains 75 to 800 times more lignans than other plant foods,” says Patton.

    Research has shown that the anti-inflammatory properties of lignans help prevent heart disease and cancer.

    How to eat flaxseeds

    Patton says flaxseeds are best eaten ground up. “Our bodies have a hard time digesting and absorbing the nutritional benefits of the actual seed.”

    Mixed into hot cereals, yogurts and smoothies or use as a substitute for some of the flour in a muffin or bread recipe.

    “Flax is definitely high in fiber, so introduce it slowly, or it could affect your bowel regularity,” adds Patton. You also don’t need much — some studies showed health benefits with just 1 tablespoon of flaxseed a day.

    Why chia seeds are good for you

    Like flaxseeds, chia seeds are an excellent plant-based source of omega-3 fats, or alpha linolenic acid. So if you’re not a big fish eater, chia seeds can help you fill the void.

    “Another benefit of chia seeds is that they absorb up to 10 times the amount of water that they’re put in. So you can turn them into a gel and use it as a vegan egg substitute,” says Patton. “It can also help you stay full because of this liquid-absorption ability and its high fiber count.”

    How to eat chia seeds

    To make a chia gel, combine 1/4 cup of water with 1 tablespoon of chia seeds. Let them sit for about 10 minutes. This serving size would be equal to one egg if you’re using it as an egg substitute.

    Patton says you can also make a vegan pudding with almond milk and chia seeds. “Again, I would start with just a tablespoon or two because of their fiber content.”

    Why pumpkin seeds are good for you

    Patton says pumpkin seeds, also known as pepitas, are a great source for lots of minerals, including zinc. “Zinc is known for helping our immunity.”

    Studies have also shown that pumpkin seeds can help lower your LDL, or bad cholesterol, and prevent muscle weakness.

    How to eat pumpkin seeds

    Whether you grab them off the shelf or carve them right out of the pumpkin, pumpkin seeds are incredibly versatile. You can eat them shelled or unshelled (pro tip: Unshelled seeds have more fiber). Snack on them on their own or mix them into salads or vegetables for some texture.

    “Roasted pumpkin seeds are also popular,” says Patton. “Simply bake them in the oven and add whatever seasonings you like. You can make them spicy or add turmeric or salt.”

    It’s also important to be portion smart. Pumpkin seeds are high in fiber, calories and fat — just one cup has 285 calories, 12 grams of fiber and 12 grams of fat. Too many in one sitting may cause gas and bloating. And too many too often can lead to weight gain.

    Why sunflower seeds are good for you

    Sunflower seeds have a good amount of minerals, B vitamins and antioxidants like vitamin E and selenium. “Antioxidants help reduce free radicals in your body. Free radicals are harmful chemicals that can increase our risk of diabetes, heart disease and some types of cancer,” Patton says.

    How to eat sunflower seeds

    You can buy sunflower seeds with or without the shells. If they’re in shells, just bite them off and throw them away.

    Choose unsalted or lightly salted to control sodium intake. “Sodium is one of those sneaky minerals. It’s easy to get too much,” says Patton. “Excess sodium contributes to high blood pressure and other health problems.”

    Why hemp seeds are good for you

    Hemp seeds, also called hemp hearts, are rich in vitamin E and potassium. They also have the most protein of all the seeds and are a great source for healthy omega-6 and omega-3 fats.

    How to eat hemp seeds

    Hemp seeds are bigger and crunchier than flaxseeds and chia seeds. That’s why they make a good texture addition to cereal, yogurt and salad, says Patton. You can also try them sprinkled on rice or veggies.

    Why sesame seeds are good for you

    In addition to minerals and fiber, sesame seeds are high in selenium, an antioxidant shown to decrease the risk of chronic disease.

    How to eat sesame seeds

    When making Asian-inspired meals, use sesame oil or sprinkle the seeds as a garnish. They also make a great accent in salads and quinoa or rice dishes. You can also bread chicken or eggplant with crushed sesame seeds.

    The potential risks of seed-eating

    If you have diverticulitis, you should avoid eating seeds. Patton says they can irritate the condition because they’re packed with fiber. Seeds can also get stuck in the polyps (small growths also known as diverticula) in your colon.

    “They may be small, but they’re calorie-dense, too. A little bit each day is enough to reap the benefits — or else those calories will add up.”

    Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy

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    The Pros And Cons Of Autoflowering Cannabis Strains

    Autoflowering strains are the go-to genetics for beginner growers and those looking for a fast return. But they’re not perfect. Find out what makes them great, and where they run into issues.

    A complete guide to the pros and cons of autos.

    • 1. What is autoflowering cannabis?
    • 1.a. Autoflowering vs feminized
    • 2. Pros
    • 2.a. Faster life cycle
    • 2.b. Discreet plants
    • 2.c. Simple lighting demands
    • 2.d. Resilient plants
    • 2.e. No problems with light pollution
    • 2.f. Fewer nutrients needed
    • 2.g. Higher CBD percentage
    • 3. Cons
    • 3.a. Lower yield
    • 3.b. Cost of lighting
    • 3.c. Lower THC content
    • 3.d. Poor-quality clones
    • 3.e. No time for recovery
    • 3.f. Should beginners start with autoflowering cannabis strains?
    • 1. What is autoflowering cannabis?
    • 1.a. Autoflowering vs feminized
    • 2. Pros
    • 2.a. Faster life cycle
    • 2.b. Discreet plants
    • 2.c. Simple lighting demands
    • 2.d. Resilient plants
    • 2.e. No problems with light pollution
    • 2.f. Fewer nutrients needed
    • 2.g. Higher CBD percentage
    • 3. Cons
    • 3.a. Lower yield
    • 3.b. Cost of lighting
    • 3.c. Lower THC content
    • 3.d. Poor-quality clones
    • 3.e. No time for recovery
    • 3.f. Should beginners start with autoflowering cannabis strains?

    Modern cannabis growers are spoiled for choice. There are more strains on the market than ever before, and many growers have taken a liking to the new and improved selection of autoflowers.

    Autoflowering genetics have a lot to offer. There are varieties high in CBD, high in THC, and those with a nice balance of both. That’s not to mention the incredible diversity in terpene profiles.

    But it’s not all sunshine and roses. Autoflowering strains have a host of advantages, but they also carry disadvantages that turn some growers off.


    What makes autoflowering cannabis different from other types? Well, the key difference resides in the name. Put simply, these strains flower automatically.

    There are two main phases of the cannabis growing cycle: the vegetative phase and the flowering phase. Another type of cannabis—known as photoperiod cannabis—requires a shift in the light cycle to trigger flowering.

    Autoflowering strains do away with this inconvenience. They don’t rely on external cues to start producing resinous buds. Instead, they flower after a certain amount of time has passed.

    The autoflowering trait didn’t emerge by accident. It occurred as an adaptation to environmental conditions. You’ve probably heard of Cannabis indica and sativa. Well, the autoflowering gene arose in Cannabis ruderalis.

    The ruderalis subspecies adapted to the cold and often harsh environments of Central Asia, Eastern Europe, and Russia. These regions feature a considerably shorter growing season and colder temperatures.

    For this reason, ruderalis abandoned the strategy of waiting for the seasons to change to trigger flowering. Instead, the subspecies developed an autoflowering gene to ensure reproduction before the temperature plummets.

    Thanks to this adaptation, growers now enjoy the speedy growth of autoflowering genetics!

    Cannabis Autoflowering

    Cannabis Autoflowering


    You’ve probably seen the term “feminized” used frequently as you browse the internet for all things cannabis seeds. Both autoflowering and photoperiod strains can be feminized. All it means is that a breeder modified a particular strain to produce only female plants. Technically speaking, the odds of a female emerging are 99.9%—that’s still quite impressive!

    Breeders produce feminized seeds through various techniques that are discussed in detail here. Just keep this in mind: pick up a pack of feminized seeds if you want nothing but buds!

    Autoflowering strains have a long list of advantages over photoperiod varieties. Their short life cycle attracts growers seeking prompt gratification, and their hardy nature makes them suitable for beginner cultivators and veterans alike.


    Autoflowering cannabis varieties are queens of speed. This trait is another result of their adaptive prowess. Most autoflowering strains complete the entire growing cycle in the same amount of time that photoperiod strains take to finish flowering alone—around 7–10 weeks. Their speedy life cycle results from a brief vegetative phase and a fast flowering stage.

    Growers rarely cultivate pure ruderalis strains outside of breeding operations as these varieties produce very little in regards to yield. However, by breeding successful photoperiod strains with ruderalis genetics, breeders can create autoflowering, and therefore faster, versions of legendary varieties.

    For example, Haze genetics are known for their brilliant sativa effects, but their long flowering times can be a turn-off. The merging of Haze and ruderalis genetics means growers now have access to these sativa effects in much less time.

    The speed of autoflowers appeals to growers with a penchant for near-instant results. Waiting for a crop to ripen can be teasing at best and excruciating at worst. If you tend to fall on the impatient side, autoflowering strains are the way to go.

    The brevity of autoflowers also appeals to cultivators who grow under pressure. They can support faster turnover for commercial operations, allowing for perpetual harvests indoors.

    Again, most autoflowers will race from seed to harvest in around 7–10 weeks, so growers can time their next wave of seedlings in conjunction with the previous harvest.

    Cultivators can also maximise yields by using the sea of green (SOG) technique. This method involves planting numerous autoflowers in close proximity and manipulating them to converge into one large, productive canopy.

    Here are a few of the fastest autoflowers around:

    Life Cycle: 8–9 weeks
    Flowering Time:
    5–6 weeks

    Life Cycle: 8–9 weeks
    Flowering Time: 5–7 weeks
    Life Cycle: 8–10 weeks
    Flowering Time: 5–7 weeks

    Life Cycle: 8–9 weeks
    Flowering Time:
    5–6 weeks


    Autoflowering cultivars typically reach a height of between 60–100cm. Their compact size and impressive speed enable clandestine cultivators to set up and dismantle their operation in as little time as possible.

    You can easily grow autos on balconies and in hidden locations in your garden. They’re also popular among guerrilla growers—cultivators that grow cannabis in hidden public or wild locations. This method helps to keep crops out of sight and hidden from thieves.

    If you’re looking for the stealthiest possible way to grow, give micro-growing a go. The goal here is to keep plants as small as possible while still achieving a reasonable yield. It goes without saying that autoflowering varieties are perfectly suited to this method.

    More extreme examples of micro-growing include cultivating tiny plants in modified computer towers, buckets, and boxes. Growers often use low-stress training to keep plants small and under control.

    Here are a few of the stealthiest autoflowering strains available:

    Indoors: 40–70cm
    Outdoors: 50–90cm
    Indoors: 60–75cm
    Outdoors: 70–100cm
    Indoors: 60–80cm
    Outdoors: 80–100cm
    Indoors: 40–70cm
    Outdoors : 50–90cm
    Indoors: 60–75cm
    Outdoors: 70–100cm
    Indoors: 60–80cm
    Outdoors: 80–100cm


    Autoflower growers typically elect to use a simple light schedule of 18 hours on and 6 hours off for the entire duration of the life cycle. Such a schedule provides plants with an adequate amount of light while saving on energy.

    The simple lighting demands of autoflowering strains serve as another advantage. As we mentioned above, they don’t require a change in light schedule to begin flowering. This trait allows growers to be extremely flexible with lighting.

    Growers who don’t mind splashing out on expenditures might choose to run their lights for 24 hours. Some cultivators report more explosive vegetative growth and enhanced yields using this method. Others argue that a 24-hour schedule might deprive plants of their natural resting period.

    A schedule of 12 hours on and 12 hours off occupies the other end of the spectrum. It’s the best option for growers looking to save money, but yields won’t be as impressive.

    Regardless of the schedule, the lighting demands of autoflowering strains are easier to meet than those of their photoperiod counterparts.


    Autoflowering plants boast strong, sturdy, and resilient genetics. Cannabis ruderalis didn’t survive the throes of northern latitudes by chance. The subspecies is well equipped to deal with extreme temperatures and harsh weather.

    The very name “ruderalis” stems from the Latin word “rudus”, meaning rubble. The subspecies appears in urban settings thriving in broken ground, close to demolished buildings, and in roadside ditches.

    The majority of autoflowers can fend for themselves. They laugh in the face of pest infestations and do well to defend against yield-ruining mould.

    Their impressive resilience makes them well-suited for novice growers as they’re extremely forgiving of beginner error.

    Autoflowering strains boast speedy growth, a compact size, and hardy genetics. Discover their pros and cons here.

    2021 Best Cannabis Seed Banks for Autoflower Seeds

    Auto-flowering cannabis seed strains have been commercially sold by different seed banks since the early 2000s, but suffered from a major reduction in their potency and yield, resulting in a lower quality product. Because of this, they weren’t very popular, until recently.

    In recent years and after many breeding cycles, seed breeders managed to drastically reduce the gap between photoperiod seeds (regular/feminized) to non-photoperiod seeds (autoflower). These days, the autoflower seed strains sold in top seed banks provide smaller plants with shorter growing cycles, but still produce relatively potent plants that are not too small.

    Autoflower seeds are way easier to grow than other types of seeds, they also grow faster, and still result in a high quality harvest. This is why they started gaining popularity, especially among novice growers. These days, auto-flowering seeds are being sold by all major seed banks. Actually, it would be correct to say that autoflower seeds are trending in the U.S., Canada, United Kingdom, and all over the world, almost booming, this is because of the improvement in their quality, potency, and yield over the last few years.

    Best Cannabis Seed Banks for Autoflower Seeds

    Choosing the Best Seed Bank for Autoflower Seeds

    As autoflower seeds are relatively new and still somewhat less popular than feminized seeds, it can be difficult to find a seed bank that stocks a wide variety of high-quality autoflowering seed strains. Our list is here to help out cannabis enthusiasts who are looking for a smaller plant with a shorter growing cycle, as well as yield and potency which are not dramatically lower than photoperiod seeds.

    When choosing which autoflowering seed bank to buy from, it’s important to pay attention to more than just their selection of autoflower seeds and prices. Things like the company’s shipping options, promotions, guarantees, and much more will also come into play. As auto-flowering strains already tend to grow smaller and be less potent, it’s crucial to choose a reputable seed bank that carries top-notch automatic genetics only.

    The autoflower seed banks listed below have all these things, and more.

    1. MSNL Seed Bank

    Since 1999, Based in the UK
    Shipping Worldwide
    Credit Card, Bitcoin, Bank Transfer, Cash
    Special Offers , Free Seeds
    15% Off Bitcoin Payments

    Want autoflower seeds? You need an autoflower seed bank! These top seed banks specialize in auto-flowering cannabis seeds, and they’re the best at what they do!

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    The Attitude marijuana seeds

    Welcome to The Attitude Cannabis Seeds Bank, We have hundreds of varieties of the best marijuana seeds (cannabis seeds) from the world’s top cannabis seed breeders and reputable cannabis seed companies from Amsterdam, Canada, Australia and South Africa.

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    We incorporate a state of the art security payment system that accepts all major Credit cards; we also accept checks, postal and money orders. For your own protection we “require” you to inquire about and comply with all local laws and international laws governing the purchase of Marijuana seeds / Cannabis seeds in your part of the world. In many countries, it is illegal to germinate these cannabis seeds. By ordering, “you confirm that you checked your local and international law and it is safe to do so” and that the responsibility for that decision rests solely upon you. Cannabis seeds are illegal to germinate in most countries

    marijuana seeds cannabis seeds The Attitude marijuana seeds Welcome to The Attitude Cannabis Seeds Bank, We have hundreds of varieties of the best marijuana seeds (cannabis seeds) from the

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    To stay as the most efficient Cannabis Seeds bank in the World we have updated our shipping and delivery methods, more info can be found here.

    Welcome to The Attitude Newsletter

    We launch this months newsletter with a new free offer, you are able to have 5 G13 Labs Thai Super Skunk cannabis seeds absolutley FREE with no purchase required, these are originally worth £24.99!

    We have plenty of great stock in our HOT STOCK section and a brand new seed company Resin Cannabis Seeds are now in stock and just flying out the door.

    Cannabis Related News

    Cannabis Seeds to Remain Legal

    A leading British newspaper has run a report calling the legal trade in cannabis seeds “Potty”, yet according to its readers ‘website comments’, there isn’t a single person who would agree with them.
    The Home Office has publicly said: “There are currently no plans for legislation to outlaw the sale of [cannabis] seeds,” and the report goes on to tell of the buoyant, tax-paying trade in cannabis seeds which carries on with the governments blessing.

    According to the News of the World there are “At least two dozen UK-based firms offering skunk seeds, getting around the law by describing them as “novelties” or “adult souvenirs” but according to one cannabis seed vendor, the newspaper have got it all wrong.

    Have your say at the News of the World

    Cannabis Decriminalised In Michigan

    The recent legalisation of medical cannabis in the US state of Michigan has once again proved that
    British policies regarding cannabis have little to do with public health and everything to do with money.

    While the world watched Barack Obama accept the nomination of the 44th President Elect, upwards of 11
    million voters in Michigan were at the ballot-box, voting on another, entirely different matter.
    The matter of whether or not patients with a doctors certificate should be removed from the war on drugs,
    by offering them protection under state law, which allows them to grow, to possess and to consume cannabis,
    within limits to be set by the state of Michigan.
    The Marijuana Policy Project raised some big numbers to assist in getting this ballot as much publicity
    as they could muster. As a result, the ballot had unprecedented public support. Nice job guys!

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    Copyright (C) 2008 The Attitude Cannabis Seeds Bank All rights reserved.

    Cannabis Seeds Our New Promotional Offer! We have come up with an exclusive and an amazing new promotional offer for free cannabis seeds , click here to read more. New and Hot Stock! At The

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    seeds know no borders

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    Impulsive Appraisal II: 61 — BTN Appraise a gathering node for collectables. * Notifications for standings updates are shared across all Worlds. Patch 4.0 contains content that can only be accessed by registering the expansion packs for FINAL FANTASY XIV to your service account. And indeed it would’ve, had the Botanists’ Guild not continued cultivating it as a strain suited to cooler lands. The above tooltip code may be used when posting comments in the Eorzea Database, creating blog entries, or accessing the Event & Party Recruitment page. If you’re thirsting for an at sea adventure, then this seed is perfect for you. . fantastic screens #does she know i love her . Filter which items are to be displayed below. Copy to clipboard failed. FATEs can be completed by finishing the on-screen objectives within the time limit. Copy to clipboard failed. Watch Queue Queue When used, a tooltip* will be displayed in your comment. I’ve checked the Perception needed with Preparation and it said 408 Perception needed for HQ. There are no limits to the number of players that can participate in a FATE at a time. Hover your mouse over … If the player’s level is too high, they will be asked to level sync down. Transcript may differ from in-game version as efforts have been made to incorporate unused and/or altered text. Class & Job Quests > Disciple of the Land Quests > Botanist Quests Seeds Know No Borders: Ishgard: 60: Class & Job Quests > Disciple of the Land Quests > Botanist Quests The White Death: Idyllshire: 68: Class & Job Quests > Disciple of the Land Quests > Fisher Quests Carpe Diem: Ishgard: 60 Seed Know No Borders – Chysahl Green Figured out the issue. This video is unavailable. Sort: Recipe Level Ascending order Recipe Level Descending order Random. (0) Last edited . FFXIV: ARR One Year Anniversary Video Contest (NA) FFXIV: ARR One Year Anniversary Video Contest (EU) Letter from the Producer LIVE Part XVI; Eorzea IRL Contest (NA) I’ve ran into a roadblock, kinda. Notes. Copy to clipboard failed. Fluorescent lights are suitable for a light source, both for germination and for growing on. English . The above tooltip code may be used when posting comments in the Eorzea Database, creating blog entries, or accessing the Event & Party Recruitment page. Hey folks, housing is starting to occasionally come available again! * Notifications for PvP team formations are shared for all languages. Tooltip code copied to clipboard. Increases item wear by 10. I did this for myself yesterday after i asked for such a PSA that i’d have missed in the daily questions thread. And now they have found their way back home, to Ishgard. Increases item rarity by Perception x0.9. *now extended for the whole thing These chysahl greens found a new home in faraway Gridania. Plant the seed â ¦ That would have left me at (245, 50, 70), which I suspect might have represented itself as something like Colibri Pink or Coral Pink. FINAL FANTASY, FINAL FANTASY XIV, FFXIV, SQUARE ENIX, and the SQUARE ENIX logo are registered trademarks or trademarks of Square Enix Holdings Co., Ltd. No one is quite sure what seafaring bloke crashed his ship into the village, but that doesn’t mean you can’t make it your home. “Seeds know no borders; they will sprout wheresoever the earth embraces them.” Ffxiv seeds know no borders keyword after analyzing the system lists the list of keywords related and the list of websites with related content, in addition you can see which keywords most interested customers on the this website To distinguish between adjustments that are and are not affected by the registration of these expansions, the following … Read to know about the latest additions brought upon the Final Fantasy 14 game. The goal with seed starting is to have your seedlings ready to go outside when the weather is favorable. I am now level 60 with Botanist but I somehow cannot gather the Chysahl Greens HQ. Copy to clipboard failed. It spawns you next to a village set on an island, but the best part is the shipwreck currently being used as a villagers house. The above tooltip code may be used when posting comments in the Eorzea Database, creating blog entries, or accessing the Event & Party Recruitment page. Tooltip code copied to clipboard. Home; Welcome! The Eorzea Database Mujih Mewrilah page. Tooltip code copied to clipboard. 3.0 Patch notes had no clue about the class jobs npcs. Watch Queue Queue. Sorry for posting. Does not increase chances for items which start at 0%. Tooltip code copied to clipboard. 60 (Complete the quest “Seeds Know No Borders”) 200 BTN Increases the chance of obtaining an HQ item on your next gathering attempt by 20%. The hardest part about growing petunias is selecting among the hundreds of cultivars. Text in green is conditional. FFXIV 5.3 update patch notes excerpts have been listed below. The above tooltip code may be used when posting comments in the Eorzea Database, creating blog entries, or accessing the Event & Party Recruitment page. Sun’s sweet smile and wind’s cool breath, Both of these I send thee, To ripe thy fruit and spread thy seed, And nourish those that tend thee Lady Protector; Botanist; Herbalist. Destin 4 years ago #3. it’s just random.

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    Mathieu Stievenard is the Managing Director of the local public bodies for the management of the Jean Stablinski Regional Indoor Velodrome of Roubaix – the Stab Velodrome.

    Mathieu Stievenard est le Directeur Général de la SPL de Gestion du Vélodrome Couvert Régional de Roubaix Jean Stablinski – le Stab Vélodrome. Il a un riche parcours professionnel dans le secteur public (Métropole Européenne de Lille, Conseil Régional des Hauts de France) et organismes d’intérêt général (GIP France Télé Numérique). Spécialiste des conduites de projet et des métiers de la concertation, il a notamment conduit un débat public (Projet d’extension portuaire Calais Port 2015) et a contribué au passage à la télévision numérique terrestre en France en tant que délégué Régional pour le Groupement d’Intérêt Public France Télé Numérique composé pour 50 % des chaînes de télévision historique – TF1, France 2, France 3, France 4, Canal+ et pour 50 % de l’Etat. Ses objectifs en matière de décloisonnement des politiques publiques et notamment dans le tourisme l’ont amené à travailler sur l’impact du Musée du Louvre-Lens sur le tourisme du bassin minier. Il a participé à ce titre à un programme d’études au Japon en 2015 avec le Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR PARIS). Il est par ailleurs chargé d’enseignement-vacataire à l’université Charles De Gaulle – Lille 3.

    Dr Sean Gammon is based in the Lancashire School of Business and Enterprise at the University of Central Lancashire. He has been writing and researching in sport tourism for over twenty years and ran the first under graduate degree programme on the subject (BA Hons Sport Tourism). Sean’s research interests mostly focus on sport tourist experiences, though more recently he has been exploring (with Ramshaw) the breadth and significance of sports heritage in generating tourism. In addition to his work in sport tourism, he continues to contribute to the field of leisure studies, and his current research project is exploring the potential health benefits of nostalgic reflections of the seaside.

    Professor Heather Gibson is a faculty member in the Department of Tourism, Recreation and Sport Management, at University of Florida. Her research interests include sport tourism (specializing in sport events and active sport tourism), leisure and tourism behavior in mid and later life, women as tourists, including her recent project on Girl Friend Travel and the perceived wellbeing associated with all female travel. With her focus on understanding tourist behavior, she has co-authored a number of papers understanding the multidimensional role of perceived risk in travel, most recently for female tourists. With her background in sport and tourism, Dr. Gibson authored some of the seminal papers in the area of sport tourism and has conducted several studies for the Gainesville Sport Commission. She was also part of a research team partnered with Tshwane University in South Africa investigating various social impacts of the 2010 FIFA World Cup. One of her current projects combines her interests in sport tourism and gender with a focus on the influence of participation in elite youth sport on families, with a focus on the travel associated with having children involved in high level sport

    Dr. Gibson has published over 75 academic journal articles and has more than 25 years of academic research presentations. She has edited two books: Sport Tourism: Concepts and Theories, a collection of original essays on this type of tourism and co-edited Leisure and Aging: Theory and Practice which has recently been translated into Mandarin for the Chinese market. She teaches classes in leisure and tourism theory, sport tourism and research methods. For the past ten years she has also lead study abroad programs to Australia and Fiji with a focus on sustainability. Professor Gibson is a Fellow of the Academy of Leisure Sciences and the Academy of Distinguished Teaching Scholars at the University of Florida. In 2014 she was the recipient of the Health and Humans Performance Charles S Williams Service Award at the University of Florida.

    Dr. Gibson is a Managing Editor of Leisure Studies, an Associate Editor for the Journal of Sport & Tourism, an Editorial Board member for the Journal of Sport Management, the Journal of Policy Research in Leisure, Tourism and Events, and the World Leisure Journal. She is an ad hoc reviewer for countless journals including Annals of Tourism Research and Tourism Management.

    Professor Mike Weed is a Professor of Applied Policy Sciences and the Pro Vice-Chancellor for Research and Enterprise at Canterbury Christ Church University. Drawing on a wide range of social science disciplines, including social psychology, sociology, economics, geography and policy science, his work has focused on informing, improving and interrogating policy in the applied domains of public health, physical activity, physical education, sport, tourism, transport, urban development and major events. Recent work has been funded by, inter alia, the Economic and Social Research Council, the Department of Health, the National Health Service and the Greater London Authority, and has included analyses of the health benefits and economic and tourism flows associated with major events, policy partnerships and learning in relation to both events and sports tourism in general, and the health and sustainable transport impacts of cycling provision.

    Professor Weed is Strategic Director of the Centre for Sport, Physical Education & Activity Research (SPEAR), Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Sport & Tourism (Routledge), Editor of the SAGE Library of Sport & Leisure Management, and sits on the Editorial Boards of Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise & Health (Routledge) and the Journal of Global Sport Management (Routledge).

    seeds know no borders ffxiv Impulsive Appraisal II: 61 — BTN Appraise a gathering node for collectables. * Notifications for standings updates are shared across all Worlds. Patch 4.0 contains

    ffxiv seeds know no borders

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    hemp seeds in tamil

    Results for hemp seed in tamil translation from English to Tamil

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    hemp seed in tamil


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    kalathin arumai in tamil

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    pengal urimai kavithai in tamil

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    elumbu theymanam in tamil

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    seithi uruvagum murai in tamil

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    kamarajar thittangal in tamil

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    Thiamine semipu thittam in tamil

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    samathuvam in tamil

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    chitravathai in tamil

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    samarasam in tamil

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    marabanu poriyiyal katturai in tamil

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    iyarkai peridar in tamil

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    aanmai illathavan in tamil

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    vazhipadu in tamil

    Last Update: 2018-02-09
    Usage Frequency: 2
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    uzhavar thirunal katturai in tamil

    Last Update: 2018-01-12
    Usage Frequency: 3
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    Contextual translation of "hemp seed in tamil" into Tamil. Human translations with examples: samarasam in tamil, vazhipadu in tamil, samathuvam in tamil.

    What are Hemp Seeds and its health benefits

    What are Hemp Seeds and its health benefits

    There are several myths around Hemp seeds, which have given this wonder seed a bad image. The idea that hemp seeds contain large amounts of THC and have psychoactive elements just as recreational marijuana had been ingrained into everyone’s mind due to its association with cannabis. Hemp seeds are the seeds that grow on hemp plants/cannabis sativa, and although marijuana and hemp seeds come from the same plant species, their compositions are different in various ways.

    As we move towards a more open-minded foodstyle, we’ve learnt that hemp seeds do not contain any amount of psychotropic properties. In fact, it’s one the healthiest type of seeds to enjoy. It’s a rich source of protein, fiber, plus essential vitamins and minerals. This great ingredient has 0.3% of THC and actually provides more health benefits than any other type of seed.

    Read on to find out the health benefits of hemp seeds:

    Reduce PMS and cramps
    PMS and cramps are a big part of every woman’s life. The emotional and physical turmoil can’t be avoided and puts a hindrance in daily life activities. It is believed that these symptoms are the due to a sensitivity of the prolactin hormone. Hemp seeds contain the essential fatty acids (GLA) that help relieve the sensitivity caused by that hormone, thus, reducing the effects that PMS and cramps have on our body.

    Reduce inflammation
    Hemp seeds have anti-inflammatory properties, enhanced by the presence of omega-3 and GLA present in its composition. The reduction of inflammation helps fight off many chronic diseases like heart diseases, arthritis, and fatty liver disease.

    Weight loss
    A perk of including this in your diet is that it helps you lose weight. As hemp seeds are rich in fiber, they make you feel full for longer and diminish your sugar cravings. Having these protein-rich seeds every morning can help you feel full throughout the day so you don’t end up overeating during meals.

    Improve Skin

    The anti-inflammatory properties present in the seeds help treat eczema as well as reduce acne. Other than that, hemp seeds also contain loads of omega-3 and 6, which helps improve the skin health by making it more moisturized and strengthening it against the environmental factors.

    Aids Digestion
    Since it’s a rice source of fiber, hemp seeds also improve your digestive health. The high-fiber seeds are helpful in ameliorating the gastrointestinal system of your body and relieving constipation.

    Improve Cardiovascular Health
    The plant-based protein along with fiber and healthy fats of the hemp seeds keep your heart healthy and working smoothly. The omega-3 and 9 reduce the risks of cardiovascular diseases and strokes.

    Enhance mood
    Along with the omega-9, hemp seeds are also rich in magnesium and Vitamin B which play an important role in relieving stress. They alleviate stress hormones and enhance the mood drastically.

    Preserve brain function
    Hemp seeds have neuroprotective properties that help preserve the brain functions and protects against neurodegeneration. It can help reduce the risks of multiple neurological diseases like brain tumours, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, migraines, etc.

    Check out the health benefits of hemp seeds!